ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL ENGINEERING - EXAMPLE 34.19 : In the purchase of a unit of engineering office, a loan has been made to a bank with the following details : Term N = 30 years; interest rate R = 8.07 % / year; security : primary residence; present value pv = $450000; salary = $75000 / year or $56000 / year after tax. (a) Let the discounted present value PV = [ 1 - 1 / (1 + r) ^ n ] / r for arrears, where r = interest rate of discount, n = number of payment, ^ = symbol for power. If the loan repayment was made monthly : (i) calculate the value of r where r = R / k and R is in decimal value; (ii) find the value of n where n = kN; (iii) estimate the value of k where k = number of repayment per year; (iv) calculate the value of PV based on the formula of discounted present value. (b) Calculate the monthly repayment of the loan, MR based on the following formula : pv = PV x MR. (c) Find the percentage of salary remains after paying the loan every month.
ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL ENGINEERING - ANSWER 34.19 : Value of k has to be found first : 12 months / year, then k = 12. (a) (i) r = R / k = 0.0807 / 12 = 0.006725. (ii) n = kN = 12 x 30 = 360. (iii) k = 12. (iv) PV = [ 1 - 1 / (1 + r) ^ n ] / r = [ 1 - 1 / (1 + 0.006725) ^ 360 ] / 0.006725 = 135.382. (b) MR = pv / PV = $450000 / 135.382 = $3323.928. (c) Annual repayment = MR x k = $3323.928 x 12 = $39887.136. Percentage of salary remains after paying loan = 100 [ 1 - (annual repayment) / (annual salary after tax) ] = 100 (1 - 39887.136 / 56000) = 28.773 %. The answer is given by Kang Chuen Tat; PO Box 6263, Dandenong, Victoria VIC 3175, Australia; SMS +61405421706; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://kangchuentat.wordpress.com.
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PROCESS DESIGN - EXAMPLE 21.1 : According to rules of thumb in chemical process design, consider the use of an expander for reducing the pressure of a gas when more than 20 horsepowers can be recovered. The theoretical adiabatic horsepower (THp) for expanding a gas could be estimated from the equation : THp = Q [ Ti / (8130a) ] [ 1 - (Po / Pi) ^ a ] where 3 ^ 3 is 3 power 3 or 27, Q is volumetric flowrate in standard cubic feet per minute, Ti is inlet temperature in degree Rankine, a = (k - 1) / k where k = Cp / Cv, Po and Pi are reference and systemic pressures respectively. (a) Assume Cp / Cv = 1.4, Po = 14.7 psia, (temperature in degree Rankine) = [ (temperature in degree Celsius) + 273.15 ] (9 / 5), nitrogen gas at Pi = 90 psia and 25 degree Celsius flowing at Q = 230 standard cubic feet per minute is to be vented to the atmosphere. According to rules of thumb, should an expander or a valve be used? (b) Find the outlet temperature To by using the equation To = Ti (Po / Pi) ^ a.
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ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL ENGINEERING - EXAMPLE 34.14 : For a formula of y = [ 1 - 1 / (1 + r) ^ n ] / r, let y = present value, r = interest rate / year, n = number of years to future value of 1 : (a) Find a simple mathematical relationship of y as a function of r when n = 1 million years. (b) What is the present value of $10000, if the annual discount rate is 10 %, forever?
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