Question 82 - (a) The Hyperion sewage plant in Los Angeles burns 8 million cubic feet of natural gas per day to generate power in United States of America. If 1 metre = 3.28084 feet, then how many cubic metres of such gas is burnt per hour? (b) A reservoir of natural gas produces 50 mole % methane and 50 mole % ethane. At zero degree Celsius and one atmosphere, the density of methane gas is 0.716 g / L and the density of ethane gas is 1.3562 mg / (cubic cm). The molar mass of methane is 16.04 g / mol and molar mass of ethane is 30.07 g / mol. (i) Find the mass % of methane and ethane in the natural gas. (ii) Find the average density of the natural gas mixture in the reservoir at zero degree Celsius and one atmosphere, by assuming that the gases are ideal where final volume of the gas mixture is the sum of volume of the individual gases at constant temperature and pressure. (iii) Find the average density of the natural gas mixture in the reservoir at zero degree Celsius and one atmosphere, by assuming that the final mass of the gas mixture is the sum of mass of the individual gases. Assume the gases are ideal where mole % = volume % at constant pressure and temperature.
Answer 82 - (a) 1 foot = (1 / 3.28084) metre = 0.3048 metre, 1 cubic foot = 0.3048 x 0.3048 x 0.3048 cubic metre = 0.0283 cubic metre, 8 million cubic feet = 8 million cubic feet x (0.0283 cubic metre / cubic feet) = 0.2264 million cubic metres. If 0.2264 million cubic metres of gas is burnt per day, then 0.2264 million / 24 = 9433 cubic metres of gas is burnt per hour. (b)(i) Let 50 mole of methane and 50 mole of ethane in the gas. Mass (g) = Mole (mol) x Molar Mass (g / mol), then mass of methane = 50 x 16.04 = 802 and mass of ethane = 50 x 30.07 = 1503.5. Total mass of natural gas = 802 g + 1503.5 g = 2305.5 g, then mass % of methane = (802 / 2305.5) x 100 = 34.786 % and mass % of ethane = 100 - 34.786 = 65.214 %. (ii) Density of methane gas = 0.716 g / L, density of ethane gas = 1.3562 mg / (cubic cm) = 1.3562 mg / mL = 1.3562 g / L. Volume (V) = Mass (m) / Density (r). Then V = m / r = 0.34786 m / 0.716 + 0.65214 m / 1.3562 = 0.9667 m, average density, r = m / (0.9667 m) = 1.0344 g / L. (ii) Mass (m) = Volume (V) x Density (r). Then m = Vr = 0.5V x 0.716 + 0.5V x 1.3562 = 1.0361V, average density, r = 1.0361V / V = 1.0361 g / L. The answer is given by Kang Chuen Tat; PO Box 6263, Dandenong, Victoria VIC 3175, Australia; SMS +61405421706; chuentat@hotmail.com; http://kangchuentat.wordpress.com.
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