ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL ENGINEERING - EXAMPLE 34.36 : Du Pont analysis is used to perform calculation on Return On Equity (ROE) for an engineering organization. Let Net Income = A; Earning Before Tax (EBT) = B; Earning Before Interest, Tax (EBIT) = C; Sales = D; Assets = E; Equity = F. In 5-step Du Pont formula, let Tax Burden = G = A / B; Interest Burden = H = B / C = 1.04; EBIT % = I = C / D = 0.27; Asset Turnover = J = D / E = 0.66; Leverage = K = E / F = 2.66; ROE = L = A / F. If (1 / G) = (4 / 3) : (a) find the value of L; (b) calculate the values of A, B, C, E and F when D = $1500; (c) verify the answer (b) is correct by using the answer (a).
ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL ENGINEERING - ANSWER 34.36 : (a) (L = A / F) = (G = A / B) (H = B / C) (I = C / D) (J = D / E) (K = E / F) = (3 / 4) (1.04) (0.27) (0.66) (2.66) = 0.37. (b) When D = $1500 : C / D = 0.27, C = 0.27 D = 0.27 ($1500) = $405. B / C = 1.04, B = 1.04 C = 1.04 ($405) = $421.20. A / B = 3 / 4, A = 3 B / 4 = 3 ($421.20) / 4 = $315.90. D / E = 0.66, E = D / 0.66 = ($1500) / 0.66 = $2272.73. E / F = 2.66, F = E / 2.66 = ($2272.73) / 2.66 = $854.41. Finally : A = $315.90, B = $421.20, C = $405, E = $2272.73, F = $854.41. (c) From answer (a), L = 0.37. From answer (b), A = $315.90, F = $854.41. Verification : L = A / F = ($315.90 / $854.41) = 0.37. The answer is given by Kang Chuen Tat; PO Box 6263, Dandenong, Victoria VIC 3175, Australia; SMS +61405421706; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://kangchuentat.wordpress.com.
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PROCESS DESIGN - EXAMPLE 21.2 : The names of the flow streams could be represented by : H1 for first hot stream, H2 for second hot stream, C1 for first cold stream, C2 for second cold stream. Data of supply temperature Ts in degree Celsius : 150 for H1, 170 for H2, 30 for C1, 30 for C2. Data of target temperature Tt in degree Celsius : 50 for H1, 169 for H2, 150 for C1, 40 for C2. Data of heat capacity Cp in kW / degree Celsius : 3 for H1, 360 for H2, 3 for C1, 30 for C2. (a) Find the enthalpy changes, dH for all streams of flow H1, H2, C1 and C2 in the unit of kW. Take note of the formula dH = (Cp) (Tt - Ts). (b) Match the hot streams H1 and H2 with the suitable cold streams C1 and C2 to achieve the maximum energy efficiency.
Question 56 - The kinetic behavior of an enzyme could be described using Michalis - Menten equation : Vo = Vmax [S] / (Km + [S]). Derive this equation from [ES] = [E]total [S] / (Km + [S]), Vmax = Kcat [E]total, Vo = Kcat [ES].
In which state sulphur exists at 40 degrees temperature and 40 atmospheric pressure in natural gas having sulphur composition 0.1 ppm?
We are having proplem with the persperation smell in ETT/ECHO room in our cardiac hospital.The 2 Ton of AC is not conditioning the environment. We have to use exhaust fan to through out of the room bad air. Could anyone suggest how to coup with this effectively using chemical engineering. Any permanent solution to neutralise the bad smell.The Air freshners are not doing enough instead making a bad odour.
ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL ENGINEERING - EXAMPLE 34.21 : The cost of building a biochemical processing plant is increasing due to inflation. Let I = inflation rate, R = nominal interest rate, r = real interest rate. According to Fisher Equation, (1 + r)(1 + I) = (1 + R). According to General Inflation Equation, R = r + I. (a) By assuming that both r and I are fairly small, prove by mathematical calculations that complicated Fisher Equation could be simplified into the General Inflation Equation. (b) By using 2 first order Taylor expansions in the linear approximation, namely 1 / (1 + x) ≈ (1 - x), (1 + x)(1 + y) ≈ 1 + x + y, show by mathematical calculations that (1 + r) = (1 + R) / (1 + I) could be approximated by r ≈ R - I.
What is vapour flooding and liquid floodin in distillation?
What does extreme points in VLE curve represents??
how much inducation voltage shows in 11 kv
CHEMICAL ENERGY BALANCE - EXAMPLE 11.4 : Calculate the bubble temperature T at P = 85-kPa for a binary liquid with x(1) = 0.4. The liquid solution is ideal. The saturation pressures are Psat(1) = exp [ 14.3 - 2945 / (T + 224) ], Psat(2) = exp [ 14.2 - 2943 / (T + 209) ] where T is in degree Celsius. Please take note that x(1) + x(2) = 1. Please take note that y(1) + y(2) = 1, y(1) = [ x(1) * Psat(1) ] / P, y(2) = [ x(2) * Psat(2) ] / P, * is multiplication. P is in kPa.
According to Shockley equation, the I – V characteristic of a diode is approximated by I = IS [ exp (nVD / VT) – 1 ]. For silicon, let the reverse bias saturation current IS as 0.000000000001. If n is ideality factor with value of 1.5, VT as thermal voltage drop of 0.026 V at room temperature, what is the value of current I that passes through the silicon diode in the heater of evaporator when the forward voltage drop VD = 0.026 V? Please take note that exp is the exponential function with e(1) = 2.718, e(2) = 7.389.
Question 30 – Solve the simultaneous equation using simple Excel program : r + s – t = 7, 2r – s = 0, 3r + 2t = 15. Explain the use of functions of MINVERSE and MMULT together with the keyboard C (Ctrl) + S (Shift) + E (Enter).
QUANTUM CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING - EXAMPLE 31.8 : (a) Acceptable wavefunction in quantum mechanics in the range of : negative infinity < x < positive infinity, vanishes at least at one boundary. Which of the following is the wavefunction or are the wavefunctions of acceptable theory : P = x, P = | x |, P = sin x, P = exp (-x), P = exp (-| x |)? State the reason. (b) Let linear momentum operator P = -ih d / dz. The wavefunction is S = exp (-ikz) where i x i = -1, k and h are constants. Find the linear momentum of such wavefunction by using the term P x S.