Embedded Systems Interview Questions
Questions Answers Views Company eMail

Difference between 80286 and 80287

Mascot,

2 7653

In a processor these are 120 instructions . Bits needed to impliment this instructions [a] 6 [b] 7 [c] 10 [d] none

Wipro,

2 7901

In 8085 microprocessor READY signal does.which of the following is incorrect statements [a]It is input to the microprocessor [b] It sequences the instructions

Wipro,

2 7337




Return address will be returned by function to

Wipro,

2 4161

load a mul a store t1 load b mul b store t2 mul t2 add t1 then the content in accumulator is

Wipro,

2 5409

In 8085 microprocessor READY signal does.which of the following is incorrect statements [a]It is input to the microprocessor [b] It sequences the instructions

Wipro,

4 7020

what is conductance and valence band?

1 3685

What is Fermi level?

5 5279

How does Vbe and Ic change with temperature?

Qualcomm,

1925

If the substrate doping concentration increase, or temperature increases, how will Vt change? it increase or decrease?

1 1657

what is Channel length modulation?

Intel,

2 2066

what is the doping?

5 3704

How does a pn junction works?

Wipro,

2 4066

What is the depletion region?

1 3293

Tell me the parameters as many as possible you know that used to character an amplifier?

1 1054







Un-Answered Questions { Embedded Systems }

Describe a finite state machine that will detect three consecutive coin tosses (of one coin) that results in heads.

1437


What is the ideal input and output resistance of a current source?

1725


What happens if we use an Inverter instead of the Differential Sense Amplifier?

1747


I have code and test bench however it is not working porperly. Need help to get it working. module fsm(clock,reset,coin,vend,state,change); \\these are the inputs and the outputs. input clock; input reset; input [2:0]coin; output vend; output [2:0]state; output [2:0]change; \\i need to define the registers as change,coin and vend reg vend; reg [2:0]change; wire [2:0]coin; \\my coins are declared as parameters to make reading better. parameter [2:0]NICKEL=3’b001; parameter [2:0]DIME=3’b010; parameter [2:0]NICKEL_DIME=3’b011; parameter [2:0]DIME_DIME=3’b100; parameter [2:0]QUARTER=3’b101; \\MY STATES ARE ALSO PARAMETERS . I DONT WANT TO MAKE YOU READ \\IN MACHINE LANGUAGE parameter [2:0]IDLE=3’b000; parameter [2:0]FIVE=3’b001; parameter [2:0]TEN=3’b010; parameter [2:0]FIFTEEN=3’b011; parameter [2:0]TWENTY=3’b100; parameter [2:0]TWENTYFIVE=3’b101; \\AS ALWAYS THE STATES ARE DEFINED AS REG reg [2:0]state,next_state; \\MY MACHINE WORKS ON STATE AND COIN always @(state or coin) begin next_state=0; \\VERYFIRST NEXT STATE IS GIVEN ZERO case(state) IDLE: case(coin) \\THIS IS THE IDLE STATE NICKEL: next_state=FIVE; DIME: next_state=TEN; QUARTER: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; default: next_state=IDLE; endcase FIVE: case(coin) \\THIS IS THE SECOND STATE NICKEL: next_state=TEN; DIME: next_state=FIFTEEN; QUARTER: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; //change=NICKEL default: next_state=FIVE; endcase TEN: case(coin) \\THIS IS THE THIRD STATE NICKEL: next_state=FIFTEEN; DIME: next_state=TWENTY; QUARTER: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; //change=DIME default: next_state=TEN; endcase FIFTEEN: case(coin) \\THIS IS THE FOURTH STATE NICKEL: next_state=TWENTY; DIME: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; QUARTER: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; //change==NICKEL_DIME default: next_state=FIFTEEN; endcase TWENTY: case(coin) \\THIS IS THE FIFTH STATE NICKEL: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; DIME: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; //change=NICKEL QUARTER: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; //change==DIME_DIME default: next_state=TWENTY; endcase TWENTYFIVE: next_state=IDLE; \\THE NEXT STATE HERE IS THE RESET default : next_state=IDLE; endcase end always @(clock) begin \\WHENEVER I GIVE A RESET I HAVE TO MAKE THE STATE TO IDLE AND VEND TO 1 if(reset) begin state <= IDLE; vend <= 1’b0; // change <= 3’b000; end \\THE CHANGE ALSO HAS TO BECOME NONE else state <= next_state; case (state) \\HERE WE DECIDE THE NEXT STATE \\ALL THE STATES ARE DEFINED HERE AND THE OUTPUT IS ALSO GIVEN IDLE: begin vend <= 1’b0; change <=3’d0; end FIVE: begin vend <= 1’b0; if (coin==QUARTER) change <=NICKEL; else change <=3’d0; TEN: begin vend <= 1’b0; if (coin==QUARTER) change <=DIME; else change <= 3’d0; FIFTEEN : begin vend <= 1’b0; if (coin==QUARTER) change <=NICKEL_DIME; else change TWENTY : begin vend <= 1’b0; if (coin==DIME) change <=NICKEL; else if (coin==QUARTER) TWENTYFIVE : begin vend <= 1’b1; change <=3’d0; end default: state <= IDLE; endcase end endmodule module test; \\THE INPUT IN THE FSM MODULE ARE REG HERE reg clock,reset; reg [2:0]coin; \\THE OUTPUT IN THE FSM MODULE ARE WIRES HERE wire vend; wire [2:0]state; wire [2:0]change; \\THE PARAMETERS AGAIN FOR THE COIN AND STATE parameter [2:0]IDLE=3’b000; parameter [2:0]FIVE=3’b001; parameter [2:0]TEN=3’b010; parameter [2:0]FIFTEEN=3’b011; parameter [2:0]TWENTY=3’b100; parameter [2:0]TWENTYFIVE=3’b101; parameter [2:0]NICKEL=3’b001; parameter [2:0]DIME=3’b010; parameter [2:0]NICKEL_DIME=3’b011; parameter [2:0]DIME_DIME=3’b100; parameter [2:0]QUARTER=3’b101; \\I MONITOR THE TIME,DRINK,RESET,CLOCK,STATE AND CHANGE FOR CHANGES. initial begin $display("Time\tcoin\tdrink\treset\tclock\tstate\tchange"); $monitor("%g\t%b\t%b\t%b\t%b\t%d\t% d",$time,coin,vend,reset,clock,state,change); \\NEW FEATURE: MY MACHINE HAS THE FACILITY TO DUMP VARIABLES SO THAT \\ I CAN VIEW THEM USING A VCD VIEWER. $dumpvars; $dumpfile("file.vcd"); // Dump output file. \\THIS IS WHERE THE COINS ARE ADDED. clock=0; reset=1; \\FIRST LETS RESET THE MACHINE #2 reset=0; coin=NICKEL; \\CHECK FOR STATE 1 #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; coin=DIME; \\RESET AGAIN AND CHECK FOR STATE 2 #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; \\RESET AGAIN AND CHECK FOR STATE 5 coin=QUARTER; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; \\RESET AGAIN AND CHECK FOR STATE 5 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; \\RESET AGAIN AND CHECK FOR STATE 5 AND SO ON coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=DIME; #2 coin=DIME; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=DIME; #2 coin=QUARTER; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=DIME; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=DIME; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=QUARTER; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=QUARTER; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 $finish; end \\THE CLOCK NEEDS TO TICK EVERY 2 TIME UNIT always #1 clock=~clock; //always @(state) // coin=!coin; initial begin if (reset) coin=2’b00; end \\THIS IS WHERE I INSTANTIATE THE MACHINE fsm inst1(clock,reset,coin,vend,state,change); endmodule

2376


What are the ways to Optimize the Performance of a Difference Amplifier?

1010






What are the main issues associated with multiprocessor caches and how might you solve them?

900


Help with VHDL programming. Write a VHDL code for a D-Latch with clear input ?? (Hint: Set up a “Process” with appropriate sensitivity list to get the desired D-Latch with Clr working.) Inputs AND OUTPUTS: entity Lab4b is Port ( Clr, Clk, D : in STD_LOGIC; Q : out STD_LOGIC); end Lab4b;

229


Need to convert this VHDL code into VLSI verilog code? LIBRARY IEEE; USE IEEE.STD_LOGIC_1164.ALL; ----using all functions of specific package--- ENTITY tollbooth2 IS PORT (Clock,car_s,RE : IN STD_LOGIC; coin_s : IN STD_LOGIC_VECTOR(1 DOWNTO 0); r_light,g_light,alarm : OUT STD_LOGIC); END tollbooth2; ARCHITECTURE Behav OF tollbooth2 IS TYPE state_type IS (NO_CAR,GOTZERO,GOTFIV,GOTTEN,GOTFIF,GOTTWEN,CAR_PAID,CHEATE D); ------GOTZERO = PAID $0.00--------- ------GOTFIV = PAID $0.05---------- ------GOTTEN = PAID $0.10---------- ------GOTFIF = PAID $0.15---------- ------GOTTWEN = PAID $0.20--------- SIGNAL present_state,next_state : state_type; BEGIN -----Next state is identified using present state,car & coin sensors------ PROCESS(present_state,car_s,coin_s) BEGIN CASE present_state IS WHEN NO_CAR => IF (car_s = '1') THEN next_state <= GOTZERO; ELSE next_state <= NO_CAR; END IF; WHEN GOTZERO => IF (car_s ='0') THEN next_state <= CHEATED; ELSIF (coin_s = "00") THEN next_state <= GOTZERO; ELSIF (coin_s = "01") THEN next_state <= GOTFIV; ELSIF (coin_s ="10") THEN next_state <= GOTTEN; END IF; WHEN GOTFIV=> IF (car_s ='0') THEN next_state <= CHEATED; ELSIF (coin_s = "00") THEN next_state <= GOTFIV; ELSIF (coin_s = "01") THEN next_state <= GOTTEN; ELSIF (coin_s <= "10") THEN next_state <= GOTFIV; END IF; WHEN GOTTEN => IF (car_s ='0') THEN next_state <= CHEATED; ELSIF (coin_s ="00") THEN next_state <= GOTTEN; ELSIF (coin_s="01") THEN next_state <= GOTFIV; ELSIF (coin_s="10") THEN next_state <= GOTTWEN; END IF; WHEN GOTFIF => IF (car_s ='0') THEN next_state <= CHEATED; ELSIF (coin_s = "00") THEN next_state <= GOTFIF; ELSIF (coin_s ="01") THEN next_state <= GOTTWEN; ELSIF (coin_s = "10") THEN next_state <= GOTTWEN; END IF; WHEN GOTTWEN => next_state <= CAR_PAID; WHEN CAR_PAID => IF (car_s = '0') THEN next_state <= NO_CAR; ELSE next_state<= CAR_PAID; END IF; WHEN CHEATED => IF (car_s = '1') THEN next_state <= GOTZERO; ELSE next_state <= CHEATED; END IF; END CASE; END PROCESS;-----End of Process 1 -------PROCESS 2 for STATE REGISTER CLOCKING-------- PROCESS(Clock,RE) BEGIN IF RE = '1' THEN present_state <= GOTZERO; ----When the clock changes from low to high,the state of the system ----stored in next_state becomes the present state----- ELSIF Clock'EVENT AND Clock ='1' THEN present_state <= next_state; END IF; END PROCESS;-----End of Process 2------- --------------------------------------------------------- -----Conditional signal assignment statements---------- r_light <= '0' WHEN present_state = CAR_PAID ELSE '1'; g_light <= '1' WHEN present_state = CAR_PAID ELSE '0'; alarm <= '1' WHEN present_state = CHEATED ELSE '0'; END Behav;

3851


If an/ap = 0.5, an/ap = 1, an/ap = 3, for 3 inverters draw the transfer characteristics?

1236


what is the undefined bits in flag registers of 8085 microprocessor?

699


In a SRAM layout, which metal layers would you prefer for Word Lines and Bit Lines? Why?

2540


What work have you done on full chip Clock and Power distribution? What process technology and budgets were used?

1955


Given a circuit, draw its exact timing response?

2351


What types of CMOS memories have you designed? What were their size? Speed?

1733


Program to print the 32 number in form of binary, Hexa and ASCI.

1725