ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL ENGINEERING - EXAMPLE 34.23 : An engineering company would like to produce 10000 units of control instruments. Let selling price per unit = $10, variable cost per unit = $2, overall fixed cost = $30000. (a) Calculate the income obtained when all units are sold out successfully. (b) Find the overall cost of production. (c) Calculate the percentage of gross profit obtained based on the answers in (a) and (b). (d) Find the minimum units that need to be sold out successfully in order to prevent losses. (e) How many minimum units of instruments that need to be produced in order to prevent losses, if all units produced are sold out successfully?
ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL ENGINEERING - ANSWER 34.23 : (a) Income = 10000 units x $10 / unit = $100000. (b) Overall cost of production = overall variable cost + overall fixed cost = 10000 units x $2 / unit + $30000 = $50000. (c) Percentage of gross profit = 100 x [ answer (a) - answer (b) ] / [ answer (a) ] = 100 x ($100000 - $50000) / ($100000) = 50 %. (d) Let N units x $10 / unit = $50000 = answer (b) where N = units successfully sold = $50000 / ($10 / unit) = 5000 units. (e) Let contribution margin = (selling price - variable cost) / unit = $ (10 - 2) = $8. M x (contribution margin) = overall fixed cost = $30000. M = ($30000) / ($8) = 3750 units need to be produced at minimum. The answer is given by Kang Chuen Tat; PO Box 6263, Dandenong, Victoria VIC 3175, Australia; SMS +61405421706; email@example.com; http://kangchuentat.wordpress.com.
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Question 109 - (a) Acceptable wavefunction in quantum mechanics in the range of : negative infinity < x < positive infinity, vanishes at least at one boundary. Which of the following is the wavefunction or are the wavefunctions of acceptable theory : P = x, P = | x |, P = sin x, P = exp (-x), P = exp (-| x |)? State the reason. (b) Let linear momentum operator P = -ih d / dz. The wavefunction is S = exp (-ikz) where i x i = -1, k and h are constants. Find the linear momentum of such wavefunction by using the term P x S.
Question 77 - The molecular weights M in kg / mol of 3 different monomers a, b and c in a polymer are Ma = 14, Mb = 16 and Mc = 18, with their respective quantities in N units having the ratio of Na : Nb : Nc = 2 : 3 : 5. (a) Find the numerical average molecular weight of the polymer by using the formula (Ma Na + Mb Nb + Mc Nc) / (Na + Nb + Nc). (b) Find the weighted average molecular weight of the polymer by using the formula (Ma Na Ma + Mb Nb Mb + Mc Nc Mc) / (Ma Na + Mb Nb + Mc Nc). (c) Calculate the polydispersity Q by using the answer in (b) divided by answer in (a). (d) Find the volumetric average molecular weight of the polymer by using the formula (Ma Na Ma Ma + Mb Nb Mb Mb + Mc Nc Mc Mc) / (Ma Na Ma + Mb Nb Mb + Mc Nc Mc). (e) Estimate the polydispersity Q by using the answer in (d) divided by answer in (b).
I am a student of class 12. With PCMB group. But I Am not good at math. So I wanted to ask whether Chemical engineering can be a good option for me.???
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EXAMPLE 34.14 : For a formula of y = [ 1 - 1 / (1 + r) ^ n ] / r, let y = present value, r = interest rate / year, n = number of years to future value of 1 : (a) Find a simple mathematical relationship of y as a function of r when n = 1 million years. (b) What is the present value of $10000, if the annual discount rate is 10 %, forever?
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Question 73 - (a) A dryer reduces the moisture content of 100 kg of a potato product from 80 % to 10 % moisture. Find the mass of the water removed in such drying process. (b) During the drying process, the air is cooled from 80°C to 71°C in passing through the dryer. If the latent heat of vaporization corresponding to a saturation temperature of 71°C is 2331 kJ / kg for water, find the heat energy required to evaporate the water only. (c) Assume potato enters at 24°C, which is also the ambient air temperature, and leaves at the same temperature as the exit air. The specific heat of potato is 3.43 kJ / (kg °C). Find the minimum heat energy required to raise the temperature of the potatoes. (d) 250 kg of steam at 70 kPa gauge is used to heat 49,800 cubic metre of air to 80°C, and the air is cooled to 71°C in passing through the dryer. If the latent heat of steam at 70 kPa gauge is 2283 kJ / kg, find the heat energy in steam. (e) Calculate the efficiency of the dryer based heat input and output, in drying air. Use the formula (Ti - To)/(Ti - Ta) where Ti is the inlet (high) air temperature into the dryer, To is the outlet air temperature from the dryer, and Ta is the ambient air temperature.
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