ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL ENGINEERING - EXAMPLE 34.23 : An engineering company would like to produce 10000 units of control instruments. Let selling price per unit = $10, variable cost per unit = $2, overall fixed cost = $30000. (a) Calculate the income obtained when all units are sold out successfully. (b) Find the overall cost of production. (c) Calculate the percentage of gross profit obtained based on the answers in (a) and (b). (d) Find the minimum units that need to be sold out successfully in order to prevent losses. (e) How many minimum units of instruments that need to be produced in order to prevent losses, if all units produced are sold out successfully?
ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL ENGINEERING - ANSWER 34.23 : (a) Income = 10000 units x $10 / unit = $100000. (b) Overall cost of production = overall variable cost + overall fixed cost = 10000 units x $2 / unit + $30000 = $50000. (c) Percentage of gross profit = 100 x [ answer (a) - answer (b) ] / [ answer (a) ] = 100 x ($100000 - $50000) / ($100000) = 50 %. (d) Let N units x $10 / unit = $50000 = answer (b) where N = units successfully sold = $50000 / ($10 / unit) = 5000 units. (e) Let contribution margin = (selling price - variable cost) / unit = $ (10 - 2) = $8. M x (contribution margin) = overall fixed cost = $30000. M = ($30000) / ($8) = 3750 units need to be produced at minimum. The answer is given by Kang Chuen Tat; PO Box 6263, Dandenong, Victoria VIC 3175, Australia; SMS +61405421706; email@example.com; http://kangchuentat.wordpress.com.
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BIOCHEMICAL ENGINEERING INSTRUMENTATION - EXAMPLE 29.6 : In infrared spectrum, one of the factors affecting peak location is the mass of the atoms. The stretching frequency of a bond connected to a lighter atom will be greater than the same bond connected to a heavier atom. (a) For halogens like florine (F), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br), iodine (I) and astatine (At), what is their IUPAC group number? Hint : The proton numbers for F, Cl, Br, I and At are 9, 17, 35, 53 and 85 respectively. (b) For the compounds of H-F, H-Cl, H-Br, H-I and H-At, which one has the lowest stretching frequency and which one has the highest stretching frequency? State the reasons.
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QUANTUM CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING - EXAMPLE 31.7 : (a) The correct statement about both the average value of position (<x>) and momentum (<p>) of a 1-dimensional harmonic oscillator wavefunction is <x> = <p> = 1 - x. Find the value of x. (b) The probabilities of finding a particle around points A, B and C in the wavefunction y = f(x) are P(A), P(B) and P(C) respectively. Coordinates are A (3,5), B (4,-10) and C (6,7). Arrange P(A), P(B) and P(C) in term of a < b < c, when | y-coordinate | signifies the probability.
Question 84 - In Mendelian genetics, yellow (Y) is dominant to green (y) and round (R) is dominant to wrinkled (r). (a) What is the probability P of Rr x Rr producing wrinkled seeds? (b) What is the probability P of Yy x yy producing green seeds? (c) What is the probability that RRYy x RrYy would produce RrYy?
QUANTUM COMPUTING - EXAMPLE 32.1 : In quantum computing, let the amplitude A = a | 0 > + b | 1 >, | a | | a | + | b | | b | = 1. Find the values of b if A = 0.8 | 0 > + b | 1 >.
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What is the most common cause of solid size segregation in bulk solid systems?
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