difference Between Cost Accounting and Financial Accounting?




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Answer / m.gayatri

cost accounting helps in finding out cost of a product and
control of cost.whereas financial accounting helps in
knowing the financial position of the business i.e is
profit or loss in a financial year.

Is This Answer Correct ?    481 Yes 38 No

Answer / chandru

cost accounting is job undertaken by firm. financial
accounting is concerned with recording of business
transacyion in the books accounts.

Is This Answer Correct ?    380 Yes 126 No

Answer / chandrasekar

financial accounting its recorded business transaction
books of a/c's. that operating result of particular period
and financial positon on a particular date can be known.

cost accounting refers to cost of production and job
undertaken by the firm.

Is This Answer Correct ?    239 Yes 34 No




Answer / adewole olusola

Financial accounting is the reporting of financial
information to people outside of the business, e.g.
shareholders, creditors, or financial analysts. The reports
consist of financial statements, including the balance
sheet, income statement, statement of capital, and cash
flow statement.
Cost accounting is done primarily for management inside the
business. It consists of determining the cost of producing
a product or a service. Cost accounting information is used
to control the operations of the company, and much of that
information eventually winds up in the financial
statements. However cost accounting information is reported
in whatever form management wants, whereas financial
accounting reports are prepared in standard formats in
accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.

Is This Answer Correct ?    210 Yes 19 No

Answer / ahuja

Cost accounting is related to calculate the cost of
materails, labour, overheads and cost of related jobs and
contracts.In company cost Accounting helps to calculate the
real cost of production but finacial accounting is
associated with maintaining the accounts in the company it
maintains the flow of funds in the company.

Is This Answer Correct ?    228 Yes 41 No

Answer / archana

The focus of cost accounting is essentially internal. it
tends to provide information about costs and cost estimates
to the parties within the firm for decision making.
Financial accounting provides consolidated information to
parties external to the business firm regarding its
operations and financial conditions. such parties include
share holders, bankers, creditors, debenture-holders,
government and tax authorities.

Is This Answer Correct ?    175 Yes 27 No

Answer / asad

Under Cost Accounting the correct per unit cost of
Manufactured goods or services can be determined and the
future estimated costs of goods can be known while
Financial Accounting shows the the total Profit/Loss and
economic position of a business at the end of the year.

Is This Answer Correct ?    150 Yes 16 No

Answer / jahangir ahmed

The Difference between financial and cost is that in
financial accounting all business transaction between
debtor and creditor are determined. Cost accounting is used
for managerial decision making, how much cost is spent in
all production as well as admin department. What amount of
budget is required in future and all receipt forecasting.

Is This Answer Correct ?    115 Yes 26 No

Answer / prashant pandia

cost accounting use for determination of cost of material ,
labour cost from that we calculate the production cost and
define profit

finacial acc. useful to maintain the account

Is This Answer Correct ?    114 Yes 28 No

Answer / v.k.tanseer shadab

Hai im V.K.Tanseer Shadab,M.com,DEE,DCE,ICWA,MBA,MCA..
my E-mail:vktanseer_shadab@yahoo.com


I will try to explain in brief you about
Cost A/c (V/s) Finacial A/c that may more exhausted to you.

(A) STATUTORY OBLIGATION
Their is no any Statutory Obligation indeed to maintain
such A/c for maintain CostA/c.
In case of Finacial A/c its Statutory Obligation,several
Acts has governs like INDIAN COMPANIES ACT 1956, INSURANCE
COMPANIES ACT, INDIAN INDUSTRIAL ACT etc.


(B) ADMINISTRATIVE PURPOSE
For Administrative concern its may irrelevant to them.for
maintaining the Cost A/c.
But in Case of Financial A/c its fetch the real fair of
the business during the year.

(C) MANAGEMENT PURPOSE
Maintaing of systematic Cost A/c its a seems to be a
vigilance Management (in short effective Management).
Though they maintain the Finacial A/c its a bounded
duties of the Managemet.


(D) COVEREGE
Cost A/c may cover its some specific areas,like
Manufacturing,Production,Purchasing etc.
The Financial A/c may cover as a Whole of the Organisation
right from Raw material purchased to Sold of Goods.

(E) APPOINTMENT OF AUDITURE
For Cost A/c appointment of Auditore is optional
one.those who aware of A/c they may can handle such A/c.
In case of Financial A/c Auditore must be Appointed as
per the insists of several ACTs like INCOME TAX ACT
1961,INDIAN COMPANIES ACT 1956 etc,(AUDITURE means he/she
must be CA i.e showed qualified Chartered Accountant.

(F) INSURANCE AUTHORITIES
Insurance Authorities they may go through the Cost
A/c ,because they may know that its internal A/c which
disclosed the real facts of the business.
Though they may go through the Financial A/c randomly.

(G)PURPOSE
Cost A/c is maintains for to reveal the real facts of
business normally its may go through by the internal
Managerial persons.
As we discuss in earlier its Statutory Obligatory
one,apart from that the outsider eagerly wanted to view the
status of the firm During the specific period of time.like
Investor,Tax Authorities,Bankers (for Credit Grant(OD)over
draft),Financer,Debenture Holders etc..

(H)TREATMENT
Cost A/c can disclose the real facts of the firm without
hiding any point, because its maintain by internally ie.
(Management)in short its seems Net Result.
Financial A/c treat in such a way that real facts of firm
may not be reveal for eg:(i)Every Year Depreciation is to
be deducted as treating as loss But as per management
concern its falls on the Business it self. eg(ii)Specific
Reserves may not shown in the Balance Sheet of Final A/c
of Finacial A/c. but in Cost A/c all such Reserved are
Displayed.Hence it Shows the Gross Result.

(I)DECISION MAKING
For Decison Making purpose Cost A/c is a Vital A/c to take
the Managerial Decision.
Though Financial A/c its some how need to take Decision but
not upto the Cost A/c.

(J)APPRAISAL
Cost A/c can fetch the NON MONETARY aspects like
performance of a indivial, Work Experience etc because its
focus on specific areas.
In case of Financial A/c its fully focused on MONETARY
aspects only financial transaction are carried out.

(K)METHODOLOGY
Their is no any Specific Methodology is to be followed,it
may depend upon the internal persons based on their
convinince they may follow the rules like Single Entry Rule
or Double Entry Rule etc.
As far as Financial A/c concern,its advice to follow the
Double Entry System it may follows some sort of rules like
Banks they may have the seperate format to build the A/c.

(L)ACCOUNTING YEAR
For Cost A/c their is no any hard or fast rules to follow
the Accounting year to Opening & Closing of A/c
Accounting year means 12month report sarts from 1st date of
April to 31st of April will be treated as Accounting year.
its may continued years together.
In case of Financial A/c it will be closed(Accounting Year)

THANKING YOU
feel free to ask any Clarification at any point or any
subject it may A/c 0r Commerce 0r Electrical & Electronics
0r in Computer Related Both Hardware & Software concern.

Hope you may response

my E-mail:vktanseer_shadab@yahoo.com

Is This Answer Correct ?    84 Yes 14 No

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Introduction Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited (MRPL) and Reliance Petroleum Limited (RPL) Table 1 : MRPL’s Income Statement and Balance Sheet (Rs. in mn) Particulars April 1999 – March 2000 April 2000 – March 2001 April 2001 – march 2002 Net Sales 30212.04 28891.50 53714.40 Other Income 701.37 524.50 439.90 Total Income 30913.41 29415.70 54154.30 Expenditure (30112.79) (27917.50) (51587.00) Interest (2369.59) (2378.30) (6722.90) Depreciation (1427.63) (1728.60) (3633.50) Tax (0.24) (0.30) 2864.30 Total Expenditure (33910.25) (32024.70) (61943.40) Profit after Tax (2996.84) (2609.00) (4924.80) Equity 7921.00 7921.00 7921.00 Reserves 1714.50 (1506.96) (4489.56) Debt 54082.97 50516.52 55356.94 . Table II : RPL’s Income statement and Balance Sheet Particulars April 2001 – March 2002 April 2000 – March 2001 Net Sales 331170.00 309630.00 Other Income 3550.00 2200.00 Total Income 334720.00 311830.00 Expenditure (299430.00) (279090.00) Interest (9550.00) (10320.00) Depreciation (8020.00) (6610.00) Tax (980.00) (1170.00) Total Expenditure (317980.00) (297190.30) Profit after Tax 16740.00 14640.00 Equity 52020.00 47488.10 Reserves - 34974.20 Debt - 74921.30 Table III : Quarterly Closing Prices (04/30/1996 to 09/30/2002) Date BSE-30 RPL MRPL 04/30/96 3376.64 14.75 32.50 06/28/96 3731.96 12.90 28.25 09/30/96 3519.42 10.25 19.35 12/24/96 2883.88 10.40 20.60 03/31/96 3360.89 12.70 17.65 06/30/97 4256.09 17.40 18.10 09/30/97 3902.03 19.00 21.60 12/31/97 3658.98 23.55 19.85 03/31/98 3892.75 20.50 19.25 06/30/98 3250.69 20.00 16.15 09/30/98 2812.49 17.60 13.90 12/31/98 3055.41 18.80 12.90 03/31/98 3739.96 18.70 10.30 06/30/99 4140.73 27.05 19.00 09/30/99 4764.92 46.90 21.00 12/30/99 5005.82 65.70 16.70 03/31/00 5001.28 60.04 12.35 06/30/00 4748.77 53.95 9.90 09/29/00 4090.38 56.75 8.80 12/29/00 3972.12 56.60 8.80 03/30/01 3604.39 48.55 7.70 06/29/01 3456.78 47.00 6.85 09/28/01 2811.66 29.75 6.30 12/31/01 3263.33 29.30 6.80 03/28/02 3469.35 25.85 6.80 06/28/02 3244.70 24.05 10.00 09/30/02 2930.51 23.10 7.65 Questions 1. Calculate the average return and risk on shares of RPL and MRPL during the period 1996-2002. divide the total risk on each of the stocks between systematic and unsystematic components. Calculate each of the components as a percentage of the total risk.

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