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who & how the notations given as RYB to 3phase power supply.



who & how the notations given as RYB to 3phase power supply...

Answer / perambalur sakthivel

red, yellow, blue are the primary color in spectrum lines
so in our senior fix the RYB (vanthni@yahoo.com)

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RELAY 1. REF RELAY : • OPERATION WITH CT CURRENT FLOW DIRECTION. • WHY REF RELAY WHEN DIFFERENTIAL RELAY IS THERE. • REF RELAY STABILITY CHECK BY PRIMARY INJECTION – WHICH POINT FOR CUR RENT INJECTION. • WHY REF RELAY NEED STABILISING RESISTOR. IF RESISTOR SHORTED OR BYPASSED, WHAT WILL HAPPEN. • WHICH TYPE OF RELAY FOR REF, HIGH IMPEDANCE OR LOW IMPEDANCE. • IF NEUTRAL CT IS NOT CONNECTED IN THE CIRCUIT, WHAT WILL HAPPEN. • REF PROTECTION ACTS ON WHICH OF FOLLOWING: SINGLE PH. TO E/F; PH-PH TO E/F; THREE PH. TO E/F. 2. DISTANCE RELAY : • BASIC PRINCIPLE AND TYPES • SWITCHED MODE PROTECTION – WHY IS IT CALLED SO. • SCHEMES USED • WHY ZONE-1 SET AT 80% • SETTING RANGE FOR ZONE-2 AND ZONE-3 • HOW SINGLE PHASE TO GROUND FAULT MEASUREMENT IS DONE. • 3. WHAT IS POLARITY. CT LOCATION IF INTERCHANGED WHAT WILL HAPPEN. 4. SOLKOR RELAY: 1. WHY SOLKOR IS USED. 2. CIRCUIT DIAGRAM OF SOLKOR RELAY 3. DIFFERENT PARTS OF RELAY 4. HOW IT WORKS. 5. EXPLAIN BY VECTOR DIGRAM. 6. WHAT ADVANTAGE FOR USING SUMMATION TR. 7. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN R & RF WITH CIRCUIT. 8. ADJUSTMENT OF PADDING RESISTANCE. 9. WHAT IS LEAKAGE CURRENT AND HOW TO MEASURE. 10. WHAT HAPPEN IF LINK IS LEFT OPEN. 11. 5KV/15KV INSULATION TR. ARE USED IN WHICH SYSTEM. 12. WHAT PRECAUTION TAKEN DURING TESTING. Relay Page 1 of 5 13. PROCEDURE BEFORE TESTING AND AFTER NORMALISATION. 14. HOW RELAY IS TESTED IN LIVE CONDITION. 15. RANGE OF SPILL CURRENT ANS SETTING OF RELAY 16. IF MEASURED CURRENT IS 5MILLI AMPS, CAN RELAY OPERATE. 17. EACH FAULT APPROXIMATE VALUE OF PICK UP. 18. WHAT IS THE REASON SOLKOR-R MODE PILOT SHORTED CONDITION RELAY CURRENT PRESENT. 19. AFTER SHUTDOWN, WHY NEED TO OPEN SOLKOR PILOT, IF NOT WHAT WILL HAPPEN. 20. AFTER NORMALISING WHAT CURRENT TO BE MEASURED, WHAT IS ACCEPTABLE LIMIT. 21. WHAT HAPPENS IF PILOT OPENS FROM RELAY, WHEN FEEDER IS LOADED. 22. CAN WE USE THIS RELAY AS O/C OR E/F RELAY. 23. ANY RELAY OTHER THAN PILOT CABLE TYPE. 24. IF FEEDER TRIPS ON SOLKOR, WHAT TO DO. 25. WHAT HAPPENS IF PILOT POLARITY REVERSE. 26. WHAT HAPPENS WHEN CT SHORTED AT ONE END. 27. WHAT HAPPENS IF PILOT SHORTED – STATUS OF RELAY 28. WHAT HAPPENS TO RELAY ,IF POWER CABLE GETS OPEN. 29. WHAT HAPPEN IF PADDING RESISTOR IS SHORTED AT ONE END. 5. TR. DIFFERENTIAL: 1. CIRCUIT DIAGRAM 2. DIRECTION OF FAULT CURRENT. 3. WHEN THE FAULT IS IN ZONE AND OUT OF ZONE. 4. CT CONNECTION IN PY. AND SY. SIDE. 5. BIAS SETTING AND BIAS CURRENT. 6. WHICH BIAS SETTING USED IN TRS. FOR HIGHER TAPS. 7. PURPOSE OF RESTRAINING BIAS COIL. 8. WHY BIASING REQUIRED. 9. EXPLAIN IPCT, FOR EXAMPLE, DYN10 VECTOR GROUP. WHY MATCHING TR. USED. 10. WHY NEED 2ND HARMONIC BLOCKING DURING INRUSH. 11. WHICH HARMONIC IS MORE 2ND OR 3RD. 12. HOW TO AVOID FALSE TRIPPING IN DIFF. PROTECTION WHEN INRUSH CURRENT FLOW DURING TR. IS ENERGISED. Relay Page2 of5 6. DIRECTIONAL RELAY: 1. CIRCUIT FOR USE OF DIRECTIONAL PROTECTION SYSTEM. 2. WORKING ZONE / NON-WORKING ZONE. 3. 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WHAT IS CIRCULATING CURRENT AND HOW IT WILL COME. 26. IF ONE TR. TRIPPED ON DIFF. RELAY WHAT YOU WILL DO. 27. IF SUB-STATION TRIP ON BUSBAR PROTECTION, HOW YOU WILL RESTORE. 28. WHAT IS CT SATURATION. HOW IT IS CARRIED OUT. 29. D.C EARTH FAULT – HOW YOU WILL FIND OUT. Relay Page 4 of5 30. PILOT WIRE SUPERVISION – HOW IT WORKS 31. IN 11KV SWITCHGEAR DBB SCHEME, ONE E/F RELAY IS FAULTY IN ONE FEEDER AND THERE IS NO SPARE FEEDER – HOW YOU WILL NORMALISE THE FEEDER. 32. WHICH PROTECTION IS USED FOR LONG CABLE FEEDER 33. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TRAFO. DIFF. AND CABLE DIFF. PROTECTION. 34. WHAT TYPE CHARACTERISTIC AVAILABLE FOR O/C AND E/F RELAY. 35. WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN STATIC AND ELECTRO- MECHANICAL O/C RELAYS. 36. WHAT IS DEAD ZONE 37. HOW TRIPPING OF OTHER ZONE AVOIDED WHEN BUS SECTION CB IN OPEN CONDITION FOR DEAD ZONE FAULT. 38. IF OUT OF STEP ALARM COMES WHILE ALL TR. IN SAME TAP POSITION, WHAT YOU WILL DO. 39. 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