What is cellobiose what are its important properties?
Answer / sundaramoorthy
Cellobiose is a disaccharide with the formula
[HOCH2CHO(CHOH)3]2O. The molecule is derived from the
condensation of two glucose molecules linked in a β(1→4)
bond. It can be hydrolyzed by bacteria or cationic ion
exchange resins to give glucose. Cellobiose has eight
free alcohol (COH) groups and three ether linkages, which
give rise to strong -inter- and intra-molecular hydrogen bonds
It can be obtained by enzymatic or acidic hydrolysis of
cellulose and cellulose rich materials such as cotton, jute,
or paper. Cellulose is a polymer of glucose units linked by
Treatment of cellulose with acetic anhydride and sulfuric
acid, gives cellobiose tetraacetate, which cannot engage in
hydrogen bonding and is soluble in nonpolar organic solvents.
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