What is the difference between interface and abstract class ?

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What is the difference between interface and abstract class ?..

Answer / susanta ghosh

What is an Abstract Class?
An abstract class is a special kind of class that cannot be
instantiated. So the question is why we need a class that
cannot be instantiated? An abstract class is only to be sub-
classed (inherited from). In other words, it only allows
other classes to inherit from it but cannot be
instantiated. The advantage is that it enforces certain
hierarchies for all the subclasses. In simple words, it is
a kind of contract that forces all the subclasses to carry
on the same hierarchies or standards.

What is an Interface?
An interface is not a class. It is an entity that is
defined by the word Interface. An interface has no
implementation; it only has the signature or in other
words, just the definition of the methods without the body.
As one of the similarities to Abstract class, it is a
contract that is used to define hierarchies for all
subclasses or it defines specific set of methods and their
arguments. The main difference between them is that a class
can implement more than one interface but can only inherit
from one abstract class. Since C# doesn�t support multiple
inheritance, interfaces are used to implement multiple

Both Together
When we create an interface, we are basically creating a
set of methods without any implementation that must be
overridden by the implemented classes. The advantage is
that it provides a way for a class to be a part of two
classes: one from inheritance hierarchy and one from the

When we create an abstract class, we are creating a base
class that might have one or more completed methods but at
least one or more methods are left uncompleted and declared
abstract. If all the methods of an abstract class are
uncompleted then it is same as an interface. The purpose of
an abstract class is to provide a base class definition for
how a set of derived classes will work and then allow the
programmers to fill the implementation in the derived

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What is the difference between interface and abstract class ?..

Answer / chetan dubey

In c#.net there are basic differences:-
(1)In interface ,we cannot define an datafield while
datafield is declare in abstract class.
(2)Interface can be declared by using the keyword
interface,and abstract can declared by using the abstract
(3)we can declare only function prototype which can be
define in inherited class but In abstract class,there is
minimum one abstract method and we define other method also.

Is This Answer Correct ?    1 Yes 1 No

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