take an example 1:4, total ratio(1+4)is 5. assume total
volume of mortar required is 10cubic metre. this will
contain 1/5of10=2cubic metre of cement and 4/5of10=8cubic
metres of sand. density of cement as 1440kg/m3, mass of
cement will be 2x1440=2880kg and number of bags
(i) 50kg is mass of 1 bag of cement.
(ii)other irregularities like covering voids, reduction in
volume/shrinkage due to setting of cement etc should be
considered by factoring the total volume by say 1.4.
(iii)for water use about 30% of the raw volume of sand and