Plc is a simple computer which used for automation of real
world processes such as controlling of machinery in a industry.
Plc is a microprocessor based device with input and output
circuitry that monitors the status of the field connected
"sensor"inputs and controls attached output"actuators"
according to user created logic program.
application: maintaining the water level in a tank between
two float switches by controlling the electric valve.
Ladder diagram is a language which composes of program using
a relay logic symbols as a base in an image similar to a
hardwired relay logic sequence.
flexibility,pilot running,space efficiency,correcting
it is used in car parking appartment.
when the sensor is fixed at perticular place,then the car
parks that place then the sensor connection should be
disable.it is used to known, how many cars parks per day.
so in this method is used in car parking appartmen.
A PLC has many "input" terminals, through which it
interprets "high" and "low" logical states from sensors and
switches. It also has many output terminals, through which
it outputs "high" and "low" signals to power lights,
solenoids, contactors, small motors, and other devices
lending themselves to on/off control. PLCs are industrial
computers, and as such their input and output signals are
typically 120 volts AC, just like the electromechanical
control relays they were designed to replace. Although some
PLCs have the ability to input and output low-level DC
voltage signals of the magnitude used in logic gate
circuits, this is the exception and not the rule.
The PLC is a controller device which is used to control the
logically automated systems.It replaces relays to a single
PLC.Fuctions are motion control, process control, networking
>A programmable Logic Controller (PLC) is a solid state/computerized industrial controller that performs discrete or sequential logic in a factory environment. It was originally developed to replace mechanical relays, timers and counters. PLCs are used successfully to execute complicated control operations in a plant................!!!
>It is field programmable by the user. It allows the user to modify the programs as per the requirements of a plant without having to send the unit back to the manufacturer for this purpose.
>Plant Automation is the necessity for the manufacturing industry to survive in today’s globally competitive market.
A Programmable Logic Controller, or PLC for short, is simply a special computer device used for industrial control systems. They are used in many industries such as oil refineries, manufacturing lines, conveyor systems and so on. Where ever there is a need to control devices the PLC provides a flexible way to "softwire" the components together.
We have a Yokogawa Micro-XL DCS, which is having around 300 I/O, but whenever there is any wire gets grounded in field, the 24v supply to all loops gets dipped & all the indications at DCS goes to IOP(shows input open), at present we have fixed 500mA fuses in all the lines but which does not working. Does it required to replace with lower amps fuse, then how much or is there any other solution for this.