Actually earth fault relay's function is,it calculates the
vector sum of all the three currents flowing in R Y B
lines. If the vector sum is not zero then there is a fault
current flowing in particular line. since these lines are
connected to load say generator then, more than the rated
value of current flowing through windings ,hence windings
will damage so to prevent these type of damages EFR is
if any comments pls send to firstname.lastname@example.org
Function of the earth fault relay is to operate for the
leakage currents to earth. There are two types of earth
fault relays depending up on the configuration
1. Residual current earth fault relay
2. Sensitive earth fault relay
I agree with Mr.Ravikumar except in one point.
If the load distribution of a 3 phase 4 wire system is not
balanced in all three phases, there will be some potential
in neutral wire and thus a current flow also.
In this condition, if the neutral wire touches to earth
after the earth fault relay CT, definitely this E/F relay
will sense this current flow from neutral to earth and thus
trip the circuit.
If any other disagreement, please mail me at
earth fault relay is a device used protection.
when an unbalance current flows through the line this relay
operates and trips the circuit breaker.
earth fault relay is used between phase and earth faults..
1.the earth fault relay funtion is to senses and derived
the current from phase to earth fault
depands upon the ct connections used in the scheme
the earth fault relays are classified
1.residual earth fault
2.stand by earth fault
3.restricted earth fault
4.senstive earth fault
all will be derived the input currents from different ct