RECEIVABLES MEANS TO BE RECEIVED, ACCOUNT RECEIVABLES
INCLUDES THE AMOUNTS WHICH HAS TO BE RECEIVED AGAINST SALES
FOR WHICH RECEIVER HAS PROMISED TO PAY IN DUE COURSE OF
TIME , THE PERSON OR THE FIRM IS CALLED DEBTORS
Accounts receivable (A/R) is one of a series of accounting
transactions dealing with the billing of customers who owe
money to a person, company or organization for goods and
services that have been provided to the customer. In most
business entities this is typically done by generating an
invoice and mailing or electronically delivering it to the
customer, who in turn must pay it within an established
timeframe called credit or payment terms.
An example of a common payment term is Net 30, meaning
payment is due in the amount of the invoice 30 days from
the date of invoice. Other common payment terms include Net
45 and Net 60 but could in reality be for any time period
agreed upon by the vendor and the customer.
The account receivable is the money owned by a company from
customers for providing goods or services on credit. A sale
is generally considered as account receivable once the
invoice is sent to the customer.
Accounts receivable is somtimes a 'Suspense' account. An
advance is given by debiting this account for purchase of
some article or item for which bill is not received
immediately. After the expenditure is incurred and proper
Invoice or Bill is received , this amount is reversed to
the debit of the expenditure head or after Asset creation
(in case of buying a fixed asset). In brief, accounts
receivable may be a temporary advance and is expected to be
wiped out, shortly.
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