fluid is enter in center of the impeller,and is picked up by
impeller, fluid move radially due to centrifugal force.No
demand of fluid in centrifugal pump so doesn' t need
pressure relief valve.

In this used only High volume & low pressure condition.

Pump is adding energy to a fluid. The energy addition is
achieved by means of centrifugal force in centrifugal
pump.When fluid enters into the impeller eye (Center of the
impeller where vacuum exists because of pumping), the fluid
will be thrown out of impeller eye by a centrifugal force
which adding the velocity to the fluid. The volute
surrounding the impeller guides the fluid to the discharge
and it converts the velocity enegy to pressure energy
(head).when u keep the dischage valve closed, it will
attain the shut off head. once the discharge valve is
opened the flouid will start to flow and head will start
decreases since the energy addition is shared by pressure
energy and velocity energy.

Centrifugal pump basically work on the principal of
Pressure difference. The pump causes the decrement in the
pressure . so that fluid flows from high pressure to low
preesure zone.

It has no doubt that centifugal forces also plays thr
roles, but the majority portion of picking the fluid is
done by Pressure difference only

centrifugal pumps work by converting the kinetic energy of
a liquid into pressure energy.it does this by means of two
major components,i.e the impeller and the diffuser.as the
impeller is rotated by means of a motor or engine,a low
preesure region is created at the impeller eye causing the
liquid to be sucked into the eye.as the impeller rotates
the sucked fluid is thrown out with force through the
periphery of the impeller.now the diffuser comes into
action.the diffuser due to its shape of varying xsectional
area causes the liquid to slow down and from bernoullis
principle, a reduction in kinetic head will be compensated
by an increase in pressure head.thats basically how it
works.

Fluid entering a centrifugal pump is immediately directed
to the low pressure area at the center
or eye of the impeller. As the impeller and blading rotate,
they transfer momentum to incoming
fluid. A transfer of momentum to the moving fluid increases
the fluid’s velocity. As the fluid’s
velocity increases its kinetic energy increases. Fluid of
high kinetic energy is forced out of the
impeller area and enters the volute.
The volute is a region of continuously increasing cross-
sectional area designed to convert the
kinetic energy of the fluid into fluid pressure. The
mechanism of this energy conversion is the
same as that for subsonic flow through the diverging
section of a nozzle. The mathematical
analysis of flow through the volute is based on the general
energy equation, the continuity
equation, and the equation relating the internal properties
of a system. The key parameters
influencing the energy conversion are the expanding cross-
sectional area of the volute, the higher
system back pressure at the discharge of the volute, and
the incompressible, subsonic flow of the
fluid. As a result of the interdependence of these
parameters, the fluid flow in the volute, similar
to subsonic flow in a diverging nozzle, experiences a
velocity decrease and a pressure increase.

The centrifugalpump works on principle of forced vortex
flow, which means that when certain mass of liquid is
rotated by an external torque,the rise in pressure head of
rotating fluid takes place.

centrifugal pump is based on bernoulli's theorem. first the
mechanical energy given by the shaft is transferred to the
impeller which impart the kinetic energy to the fluid and
stationary volute help the increase cross sectional area
that converts kinetic energy to the potential energy.

In case of centrifugal pump,work is done by the impeller on
the water.The expression for the impeller on the is
obtained by drawing the velocity triangles at inlet and
outlet of the impeller in the same way as for a turbine.The
water enters the impeller radially at inlet for best
efficiency of the pump,which means the absolute velocity of
water at inlet makes an angle of 90 degree with the
direction of motion of the impeller at inlet.

It works on the principle of forced vertex flow and
mechanical energy is converted into hydraulic energy ie
pressure energy.Mainly the centrifugal pump has two
components ,Impeller & shaft.when the impeller is moved in
the liquid,there is centrifugal force is applied on rotating
fluid.so we can define it as the pump lifts the fluid with
aid of atmospheric pressure and pressurizes it and dicharges
from casing with high velocity.

IF 125 kva diesel generator generating 13 kw energy in an
hour then how much percentage of load is connected to
generator and generator is running at what load efficiency