There are four type of storage classes in C. These are used
to store variables. These are Extern, Static, Register and
Auto. Auto is the default class assigned to any variable.
eg. if we define int x=10; then it means auto int x=10
register and static differ in only one grounds that
register is there in the cpu and static in the main memory.
extern is global and can be accessed by any program and
There are two storage classes : Automatic and Static.
Automatic objects are local to block,and are discarded on
exit from the block.Declaration with in a block create
automatic objects if no storage class spections is
mentioned , or if the auto specifier is used.Object
declared as register are automatic,and are (if Possible)
stored in fast registers of the machine.
Static obj may be local to a block or external to all
blocks,but in either case retain their values across exit
from and reentry to function and blocks.Within a block
including a block that provides the code for a function,
static objects are declared with the keyword Static.
The objects declared outside all blocks,at the same level
as function definitions,are always static keyword;this
gives them Internal Linkage.
They become global to an entire program by omitting an
explicit storage class ,or by using keyword Extern;this
gives external linkage.
AUTO IS A DEFAULT SPECIFIER.THERE IS NO NECESSARY TO
MENTION IT.STATIC FOR LOCAL ANG GLOBAL IS DIFFERENT.STATIC
LOCAL REMAINS KNOWN ONLY TO THE BLOCK WN WHICH IT IS
DECLARED.STATIC GLOBAL IS KNOWN ONLY TO THE FILE.IT IS NOT
SUBJECTED TO ANY SIDE EFFECTS.EXTERN IS JUST A DECLARATION
BUT NOT DEFINITION.FOR INTEGERS AND CHARACTERS , THIS
TYPICALLY MEANS IN THE REGISTER OF THE CPU RATHER THAN IN
MEMORY,WHERE NORMAL VARIABLES ARE STORED.
Basically, storage classes in c are there to define the
storage & scope of the various sorts of variables.
we r having following 4 storage classes in C.
In this auto & register has local scope releted to block &
extern & static has global scope to main program.
printf("\n enter the value of a--");
mul(); /****another function********/
enter the value of a----5
when u r compaing this program in lnux we get a waring
because in linux default type is integer so in calling
function we r giving void so internally compailer treate as
a int so,
here type declaration is impartent
suppose we use switch statement and we intilize years name
using enum statement like(jan,feb,mar,------dec) we take
integer value as an input .question is that the month which
we analyz is from 0 to 11 bt if i enter 12 than how he
again starts from begning and print jan