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Question
Explain about Economic Importance of Fungi ?
 Question Submitted By :: Botany
I also faced this Question!!     Answer Posted By  
 
Answer
# 1
Fungi influence our life in many ways. The parasitic forms
cause serious diseases in crop plants and have been brought
about important changes in the history of some countries.
They are both beneficial and harmful to mankind

Useful activities:-Fungi, like many saprophytic bacteria are
scavengers which are responsible for the decomposition of
dead bodies of plants and animals and of their wastes.
Through these activities they aid in converting complex
substance into simple forms, and this ensure continuing soil
fertility.

Specific bacteria which act on soil is Nitrosomnas

(1)Nitrococcus:-Oxidizes NH3 to Nitrite with large energy
and nitrites are converted into nitrates by Nitrobecter

(2)Industrial uses:- They are the sources of gallic acid
gluconic and, pencillin, ethyl alcohol etc?Which are
commercially vary important.

(3)Fungi as food:--E.g. Mushrooms and morels. These are
edible and used as vegetables

(4)Food yeast:-It is rich in vitamins e.g. thiamin,
nicotinic acid, riboflavin and amino-benzoic acid.

(5)Fungi and food processing:-Sp.of Pencillium and
Aspergillus are employed in processing of certain food
products, baking an chese industry.

In bread baking Saccharmyces cerevisiae is responsible for
alcoholic fermentation by which alcohol and C02 forms is
evaporated and the bread shows uniform spongy texture.

(6)Fungi in medicine:-Number of Fungi are used as medicines

Antibiotics:-These are chemical substances synthesized by
living organisms which have capacity to inhabit the growth
of metabolic activities of other organisms

Pennicillium Citrinum:-Produces citrinin

P.nottatum:-Pencillin B and Penicillin

P.notatum:-Notatin

Chaetomium.Cheatomin.
 
Is This Answer Correct ?    173 Yes 43 No
Guest
 
Answer
# 2
The Importance of Fungi

Fungi are one of the most important groups of organisms on
the planet. This is easy to overlook, given their largely
hidden, unseen actions and growth. They are important in an
enormous variety of ways.

* Recycling
Fungi, together with bacteria, are responsible for
most of the recycling which returns dead material to the
soil in a form in which it can be reused. Without fungi,
these recycling activities would be seriously reduced. We
would effectively be lost under piles many metres thick, of
dead plant and animal remains.

* Mycorrhizae and plant growth
Fungi are vitally important for the good growth of
most plants, including crops, through the development of
mycorrhizal associations. As plants are at the base of most
food chains, if their growth was limited, all animal life,
including human, would be seriously reduced through starvation.

* Food
Fungi are also important directly as food for humans.
Many mushrooms are edible and different species are
cultivated for sale worldwide. While this is a very small
proportion of the actual food that we eat, fungi are also
widely used in the production of many foods and drinks.
These include cheeses, beer and wine, bread, some cakes, and
some soya bean products.

While a great many wild fungi are edible, it can be
difficult to correctly identify them. Some mushrooms are
deadly if they are eaten. Fungi with names such as
'Destroying Angel' and 'Death Cap' give us some indication
that it would not be a terribly good idea to eat them! In
some countries, collecting wild mushrooms to eat is a
popular activity. It is always wise to be totally sure that
what you have collected is edible and not a poisonous
look-a-like.



* Medicines
Penicillin, perhaps the most famous of all antibiotic
drugs, is derived from a common fungus called Penicillium.
Many other fungi also produce antibiotic substances, which
are now widely used to control diseases in human and animal
populations. The discovery of antibiotics revolutionized
health care worldwide.

Some fungi which parasitise caterpillars have also
been traditionally used as medicines. The Chinese have used
a particular caterpillar fungus as a tonic for hundreds of
years. Certain chemical compounds isolated from the fungus
may prove to be useful treatments for certain types of cancer.

A fungus which parasitises Rye crops causes a disease
known as Ergot. The fungus can occur on a variety of
grasses. It produces small hard structures, known as
sclerotia. These sclerotia can cause poisoning in humans and
animals which have eaten infected material. However, these
same sclerotia are also the source of a powerful and
important drug which has uses in childbirth.

*
Fungi such as the Chinese caterpillar fungus, which
parasitise insects, can be extremely useful for controlling
insect pests of crops. The spores of the fungi are sprayed
on the crop pests. Fungi have been used to control Colorado
potato beetles, which can devastate potato crops.
Spittlebugs, leaf hoppers and citrus rust mites are some of
the other insect pests which have been controlled using
fungi. This method is generally cheaper and less damaging to
the environment than using chemical pesticides.

* Crop Diseases
Fungal parasites may be useful in biocontrol, but they
can also have enormous negative consequences for crop
production. Some fungi are parasites of plants. Most of our
common crop plants are susceptible to fungal attack of one
kind or another. Spore production and dispersal is
enormously efficient in fungi and plants of the same species
crowded together in fields are ripe for attack. Fungal
diseases can on occasion result in the loss of entire crops
if they are not treated with antifungal agents.

* Animal Disease
Fungi can also parasitise domestic animals causing
diseases, but this is not usually a major economic problem.
A wide range of fungi also live on and in humans, but most
coexist harmlessly. Athletes foot and Candida infections are
examples of human fungal infections.

* Food Spoilage
It has already been noted that fungi play a major role
in recycling organic material. The fungi which make our
bread and jam go mouldy are only recycling organic matter,
even though in this case, we would prefer that it didn't
happen! Fungal damage can be responsible for large losses of
stored food, particularly food which contains any moisture.
Dry grains can usually be stored successfully, but the
minute they become damp, moulds are likely to render them
inedible. This is obviously a problem where large quantities
of food are being produced seasonally and then require
storage until they are needed
 
Is This Answer Correct ?    125 Yes 24 No
Manno
 
 
 
Answer
# 3
Fungi are one of the most important groups of organisms on
the planet. This is easy to overlook, given their largely
hidden, unseen actions and growth. They are important in an
enormous variety of ways.

* Recycling
Fungi, together with bacteria, are responsible for
most of the recycling which returns dead material to the
soil in a form in which it can be reused. Without fungi,
these recycling activities would be seriously reduced. We
would effectively be lost under piles many metres thick, of
dead plant and animal remains.

* Mycorrhizae and plant growth
Fungi are vitally important for the good growth of
most plants, including crops, through the development of
mycorrhizal associations. As plants are at the base of most
food chains, if their growth was limited, all animal life,
including human, would be seriously reduced through
starvation.

* Food
Fungi are also important directly as food for humans.
Many mushrooms are edible and different species are
cultivated for sale worldwide. While this is a very small
proportion of the actual food that we eat, fungi are also
widely used in the production of many foods and drinks.
These include cheeses, beer and wine, bread, some cakes, and
some soya bean products.

While a great many wild fungi are edible, it can be
difficult to correctly identify them. Some mushrooms are
deadly if they are eaten. Fungi with names such as
'Destroying Angel' and 'Death Cap' give us some indication
that it would not be a terribly good idea to eat them! In
some countries, collecting wild mushrooms to eat is a
popular activity. It is always wise to be totally sure that
what you have collected is edible and not a poisonous
look-a-like.



* Medicines
Penicillin, perhaps the most famous of all antibiotic
drugs, is derived from a common fungus called Penicillium.
Many other fungi also produce antibiotic substances, which
are now widely used to control diseases in human and animal
populations. The discovery of antibiotics revolutionized
health care worldwide.

Some fungi which parasitise caterpillars have also
been traditionally used as medicines. The Chinese have used
a particular caterpillar fungus as a tonic for hundreds of
years. Certain chemical compounds isolated from the fungus
may prove to be useful treatments for certain types of
cancer.

A fungus which parasitises Rye crops causes a disease
known as Ergot. The fungus can occur on a variety of
grasses. It produces small hard structures, known as
sclerotia. These sclerotia can cause poisoning in humans and
animals which have eaten infected material. However, these
same sclerotia are also the source of a powerful and
important drug which has uses in childbirth.

*
Fungi such as the Chinese caterpillar fungus, which
parasitise insects, can be extremely useful for controlling
insect pests of crops. The spores of the fungi are sprayed
on the crop pests. Fungi have been used to control Colorado
potato beetles, which can devastate potato crops.
Spittlebugs, leaf hoppers and citrus rust mites are some of
the other insect pests which have been controlled using
fungi. This method is generally cheaper and less damaging to
the environment than using chemical pesticides.

* Crop Diseases
Fungal parasites may be useful in biocontrol, but they
can also have enormous negative consequences for crop
production. Some fungi are parasites of plants. Most of our
common crop plants are susceptible to fungal attack of one
kind or another. Spore production and dispersal is
enormously efficient in fungi and plants of the same species
crowded together in fields are ripe for attack. Fungal
diseases can on occasion result in the loss of entire crops
if they are not treated with antifungal agents.

* Animal Disease
Fungi can also parasitise domestic animals causing
diseases, but this is not usually a major economic problem.
A wide range of fungi also live on and in humans, but most
coexist harmlessly. Athletes foot and Candida infections are
examples of human fungal infections.

* Food Spoilage
It has already been noted that fungi play a major role
in recycling organic material. The fungi which make our
bread and jam go mouldy are only recycling organic matter,
even though in this case, we would prefer that it didn't
happen! Fungal damage can be responsible for large losses of
stored food, particularly food which contains any moisture.
Dry grains can usually be stored successfully, but the
minute they become damp, moulds are likely to render them
inedible. This is obviously a problem where large quantities
of food are being produced seasonally and then require
storage until they are neededFungi influence our life in
many ways. The parasitic forms
cause serious diseases in crop plants and have been brought
about important changes in the history of some countries.
They are both beneficial and harmful to mankind

Useful activities:-Fungi, like many saprophytic bacteria are
scavengers which are responsible for the decomposition of
dead bodies of plants and animals and of their wastes.
Through these activities they aid in converting complex
substance into simple forms, and this ensure continuing soil
fertility.

Specific bacteria which act on soil is Nitrosomnas

(1)Nitrococcus:-Oxidizes NH3 to Nitrite with large energy
and nitrites are converted into nitrates by Nitrobecter

(2)Industrial uses:- They are the sources of gallic acid
gluconic and, pencillin, ethyl alcohol etc?Which are
commercially vary important.

(3)Fungi as food:--E.g. Mushrooms and morels. These are
edible and used as vegetables

(4)Food yeast:-It is rich in vitamins e.g. thiamin,
nicotinic acid, riboflavin and amino-benzoic acid.

(5)Fungi and food processing:-Sp.of Pencillium and
Aspergillus are employed in processing of certain food
products, baking an chese industry.

In bread baking Saccharmyces cerevisiae is responsible for
alcoholic fermentation by which alcohol and C02 forms is
evaporated and the bread shows uniform spongy texture.

(6)Fungi in medicine:-Number of Fungi are used as medicines

Antibiotics:-These are chemical substances synthesized by
living organisms which have capacity to inhabit the growth
of metabolic activities of other organisms

Pennicillium Citrinum:-Produces citrinin

P.nottatum:-Pencillin B and Penicillin

P.notatum:-Notatin

Chaetomium.Cheatomin.
 
Is This Answer Correct ?    52 Yes 14 No
Farhat
 
Answer
# 4
Fungi are one of the most important groups of organisms on
the planet. This is easy to overlook, given their largely
hidden, unseen actions and growth. They are important in an
enormous variety of ways.

* Recycling
Fungi, together with bacteria, are responsible for
most of the recycling which returns dead material to the
soil in a form in which it can be reused. Without fungi,
these recycling activities would be seriously reduced. We
would effectively be lost under piles many metres thick, of
dead plant and animal remains.

* Mycorrhizae and plant growth
Fungi are vitally important for the good growth of
most plants, including crops, through the development of
mycorrhizal associations. As plants are at the base of most
food chains, if their growth was limited, all animal life,
including human, would be seriously reduced through
starvation.

* Food
Fungi are also important directly as food for humans.
Many mushrooms are edible and different species are
cultivated for sale worldwide. While this is a very small
proportion of the actual food that we eat, fungi are also
widely used in the production of many foods and drinks.
These include cheeses, beer and wine, bread, some cakes, and
some soya bean products.
 
Is This Answer Correct ?    30 Yes 9 No
Bibin Johnson
 
Answer
# 5
Fungi are useful and harmful to man.

BREWING AND BAKING INDUSTRY:
Yeast is the valuble fungus in these industry. In brewing
industry alcohol plays an important role. In baking
industry carbondioxide causes the dough to rise and makes
the bread light. Carbondioxide is also collected,soldified
and sold as dry ice.

PRODUCTION OF ORGANIC ACIDS:
Various species of fungi particularly Penicillium are used
in production of organic acids.

PROCESSING OF FOOD:
Penicillium Camemberti is used in the cheese industry.

VITAMINS:
Yeast is the best source of vitamin B complex.

FUNGI AS FOOD:
Several species of fungi are used as food. Many species of
fungi are edible and are cultivated.

DECAY AND DECOMPOSITION:
The saprophytic fungi is the soil decompose. They play a
significant role in maintaining mineral cycles in nature.

ANTIBIOTICS:
Penicillium notatum and penicillium chrysogenum are source
of drug penicillin.
 
Is This Answer Correct ?    28 Yes 8 No
Robbin
 
Answer
# 6
Fungi are one of the most important groups of organisms on
the planet. This is easy to overlook, given their largely
hidden, unseen actions and growth. They are important in an
enormous variety of ways.

* Recycling
Fungi, together with bacteria, are responsible for
most of the recycling which returns dead material to the
soil in a form in which it can be reused. Without fungi,
these recycling activities would be seriously reduced. We
would effectively be lost under piles many metres thick, of
dead plant and animal remains.

* Mycorrhizae and plant growth
Fungi are vitally important for the good growth of
most plants, including crops, through the development of
mycorrhizal associations. As plants are at the base of most
food chains, if their growth was limited, all animal life,
including human, would be seriously reduced through
starvation.

* Food
Fungi are also important directly as food for humans.
Many mushrooms are edible and different species are
cultivated for sale worldwide. While this is a very small
proportion of the actual food that we eat, fungi are also
widely used in the production of many foods and drinks.
These include cheeses, beer and wine, bread, some cakes, and
some soya bean products.

While a great many wild fungi are edible, it can be
difficult to correctly identify them. Some mushrooms are
deadly if they are eaten. Fungi with names such as
'Destroying Angel' and 'Death Cap' give us some indication
that it would not be a terribly good idea to eat them! In
some countries, collecting wild mushrooms to eat is a
popular activity. It is always wise to be totally sure that
what you have collected is edible and not a poisonous
look-a-like.



* Medicines
Penicillin, perhaps the most famous of all antibiotic
drugs, is derived from a common fungus called Penicillium.
Many other fungi also produce antibiotic substances, which
are now widely used to control diseases in human and animal
populations. The discovery of antibiotics revolutionized
health care worldwide.

Some fungi which parasitise caterpillars have also
been traditionally used as medicines. The Chinese have used
a particular caterpillar fungus as a tonic for hundreds of
years. Certain chemical compounds isolated from the fungus
may prove to be useful treatments for certain types of
cancer.

A fungus which parasitises Rye crops causes a disease
known as Ergot. The fungus can occur on a variety of
grasses. It produces small hard structures, known as
sclerotia. These sclerotia can cause poisoning in humans and
animals which have eaten infected material. However, these
same sclerotia are also the source of a powerful and
important drug which has uses in childbirth.

*
Fungi such as the Chinese caterpillar fungus, which
parasitise insects, can be extremely useful for controlling
insect pests of crops. The spores of the fungi are sprayed
on the crop pests. Fungi have been used to control Colorado
potato beetles, which can devastate potato crops.
Spittlebugs, leaf hoppers and citrus rust mites are some of
the other insect pests which have been controlled using
fungi. This method is generally cheaper and less damaging to
the environment than using chemical pesticides.

* Crop Diseases
Fungal parasites may be useful in biocontrol, but they
can also have enormous negative consequences for crop
production. Some fungi are parasites of plants. Most of our
common crop plants are susceptible to fungal attack of one
kind or another. Spore production and dispersal is
enormously efficient in fungi and plants of the same species
crowded together in fields are ripe for attack. Fungal
diseases can on occasion result in the loss of entire crops
if they are not treated with antifungal agents.

* Animal Disease
Fungi can also parasitise domestic animals causing
diseases, but this is not usually a major economic problem.
A wide range of fungi also live on and in humans, but most
coexist harmlessly. Athletes foot and Candida infections are
examples of human fungal infections.

* Food Spoilage
It has already been noted that fungi play a major role
in recycling organic material. The fungi which make our
bread and jam go mouldy are only recycling organic matter,
even though in this case, we would prefer that it didn't
happen! Fungal damage can be responsible for large losses of
stored food, particularly food which contains any moisture.
Dry grains can usually be stored successfully, but the
minute they become damp, moulds are likely to render them
inedible. This is obviously a problem where large quantities
of food are being produced seasonally and then require
storage until they are neededFungi influence our life in
many ways. The parasitic forms
cause serious diseases in crop plants and have been brought
about important changes in the history of some countries.
They are both beneficial and harmful to mankind

Useful activities:-Fungi, like many saprophytic bacteria are
scavengers which are responsible for the decomposition of
dead bodies of plants and animals and of their wastes.
Through these activities they aid in converting complex
substance into simple forms, and this ensure continuing soil
fertility.

Specific bacteria which act on soil is Nitrosomnas

(1)Nitrococcus:-Oxidizes NH3 to Nitrite with large energy
and nitrites are converted into nitrates by Nitrobecter

(2)Industrial uses:- They are the sources of gallic acid
gluconic and, pencillin, ethyl alcohol etc?Which are
commercially vary important.

(3)Fungi as food:--E.g. Mushrooms and morels. These are
edible and used as vegetables

(4)Food yeast:-It is rich in vitamins e.g. thiamin,
nicotinic acid, riboflavin and amino-benzoic acid.

(5)Fungi and food processing:-Sp.of Pencillium and
Aspergillus are employed in processing of certain food
products, baking an chese industry.

In bread baking Saccharmyces cerevisiae is responsible for
alcoholic fermentation by which alcohol and C02 forms is
evaporated and the bread shows uniform spongy texture.

(6)Fungi in medicine:-Number of Fungi are used as medicines

Antibiotics:-These are chemical substances synthesized by
living organisms which have capacity to inhabit the growth
of metabolic activities of other organisms

Pennicillium Citrinum:-Produces citrinin

P.nottatum:-Pencillin B and Penicillin

P.notatum:-Notatin

Chaetomium.Cheatomin.
 
Is This Answer Correct ?    28 Yes 11 No
Azzam Tarras
 
Answer
# 7
Fungi influence our life in many ways. The parasitic forms
cause serious diseases in crop plants and have been brought
about important changes in the history of some countries.
They are both beneficial and harmful to mankind

Useful activities:-Fungi, like many saprophytic bacteria are
scavengers which are responsible for the decomposition of
dead bodies of plants and animals and of their wastes.
Through these activities they aid in converting complex
substance into simple forms, and this ensure continuing soil
fertility.

Specific bacteria which act on soil is Nitrosomnas

(1)Nitrococcus:-Oxidizes NH3 to Nitrite with large energy
and nitrites are converted into nitrates by Nitrobecter

(2)Industrial uses:- They are the sources of gallic acid
gluconic and, pencillin, ethyl alcohol etc?Which are
commercially vary important.

(3)Fungi as food:--E.g. Mushrooms and morels. These are
edible and used as vegetables

(4)Food yeast:-It is rich in vitamins e.g. thiamin,
nicotinic acid, riboflavin and amino-benzoic acid.

(5)Fungi and food processing:-Sp.of Pencillium and
Aspergillus are employed in processing of certain food
products, baking an chese industry.

In bread baking Saccharmyces cerevisiae is responsible for
alcoholic fermentation by which alcohol and C02 forms is
evaporated and the bread shows uniform spongy texture.

(6)Fungi in medicine:-Number of Fungi are used as medicines

Antibiotics:-These are chemical substances synthesized by
living organisms which have capacity to inhabit the growth
of metabolic activities of other organisms

Pennicillium Citrinum:-Produces citrinin

P.nottatum:-Pencillin B and Penicillin

P.notatum:-Notatin

Chaetomium.Cheatomin.
 
Is This Answer Correct ?    19 Yes 7 No
Akashi
 
Answer
# 8
without fungi human life cannot be estimated 
Is This Answer Correct ?    24 Yes 15 No
Dr.c.v.raju
 
Answer
# 9
Fungi are one of the most important groups of organisms on the planet. This is easy to overlook, given their largely hidden, unseen actions and growth. They are important in an enormous variety of ways.
Recycling
Fungi, together with bacteria, are responsible for most of the recycling which returns dead material to the soil in a form in which it can be reused. Without fungi, these recycling activities would be seriously reduced. We would effectively be lost under piles many metres thick, of dead plant and animal remains.
Mycorrhizae and plant growth
Fungi are vitally important for the good growth of most plants, including crops, through the development of mycorrhizal associations. As plants are at the base of most food chains, if their growth was limited, all animal life, including human, would be seriously reduced through starvation.
Food
Fungi are also important directly as food for humans. Many mushrooms are edible and different species are cultivated for sale worldwide. While this is a very small proportion of the actual food that we eat, fungi are also widely used in the production of many foods and drinks. These include cheeses, beer and wine, bread, some cakes, and some soya bean products.

While a great many wild fungi are edible, it can be difficult to correctly identify them. Some mushrooms are deadly if they are eaten. Fungi with names such as 'Destroying Angel' and 'Death Cap' give us some indication that it would not be a terribly good idea to eat them! In some countries, collecting wild mushrooms to eat is a popular activity. It is always wise to be totally sure that what you have collected is edible and not a poisonous look-a-like.

Medicines
Penicillin, perhaps the most famous of all antibiotic drugs, is derived from a common fungus calledPenicillium. Many other fungi also produce antibiotic substances, which are now widely used to control diseases in human and animal populations. The discovery of antibiotics revolutionized health care worldwide.

Some fungi which parasitise caterpillars have also been traditionally used as medicines. The Chinese have used a particular caterpillar fungus as a tonic for hundreds of years. Certain chemical compounds isolated from the fungus may prove to be useful treatments for certain types of cancer.

A fungus which parasitises Rye crops causes a disease known as Ergot. The fungus can occur on a variety of grasses. It produces small hard structures, known as sclerotia. These sclerotia can cause poisoning in humans and animals which have eaten infected material. However, these same sclerotia are also the source of a powerful and important drug which has uses in childbirth.
Biocontrol
Fungi such as the Chinese caterpillar fungus, which parasitise insects, can be extremely useful for controlling insect pests of crops. The spores of the fungi are sprayed on the crop pests. Fungi have been used to control Colorado potato beetles, which can devastate potato crops. Spittlebugs, leaf hoppers and citrus rust mites are some of the other insect pests which have been controlled using fungi. This method is generally cheaper and less damaging to the environment than using chemical pesticides.
Crop Diseases
Fungal parasites may be useful in biocontrol, but they can also have enormous negative consequences for crop production. Some fungi are parasites of plants. Most of our common crop plants are susceptible to fungal attack of one kind or another. Spore production and dispersal is enormously efficient in fungi and plants of the same species crowded together in fields are ripe for attack. Fungal diseases can on occasion result in the loss of entire crops if they are not treated with antifungal agents.
Animal Disease
Fungi can also parasitise domestic animals causing diseases, but this is not usually a major economic problem. A wide range of fungi also live on and in humans, but most coexist harmlessly. Athletes foot and Candida infections are examples of human fungal infections.
Food Spoilage
It has already been noted that fungi play a major role in recycling organic material. The fungi which make our bread and jam go mouldy are only recycling organic matter, even though in this case, we would prefer that it didn't happen! Fungal damage can be responsible for large losses of stored food, particularly food which contains any moisture. Dry grains can usually be stored successfully, but the minute they become damp, moulds are likely to render them inedible. This is obviously a problem where large quantities of food are being produced seasonally and then require storage until they are needed.
 
Is This Answer Correct ?    4 Yes 1 No
Athira.m.s
 
Answer
# 10
beucause the fungi is importatn 
Is This Answer Correct ?    25 Yes 42 No
Mark
 

 
 
 
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