cost accounting is used to know the actual cost of a product
which is incurred at various stage to making a product as a
finished goods.it provides information to the management to
fix the sale price of a product.
financial accounting gives information to management that
why they able to know financial position of enterprises or
company.here financial position means p/L a/c, B/S, cash
flow and fund flow statement including ratio analysis.
Financial Accounting is a systematical way to prepare the financial statements of an organization is order to get the true and fair view profit or loss. These financial statements are organized for decision making, stockholders, Banker, Supplier, Shareholders, Government Agencies, and other stakeholders. The basic requirement to prepare financial statement is to examine and reduce the dead expenses by measuring the expenses and income status and to reporting the result to interested users. These statements are organized for outsiders who do not take part in day to day organizational activities.
Cost accounting ascertains budget and actual cost of production, operations, departments, process and the analysis of variance. Cost accounting is used to support decision-making to reduce cost of organization and improve its profitability. Cost accounting does not require standards as (GAAP) Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, as its primary use is for internal management, rather than outside people.
6. Equipment A has a cost of Rs.75,000 and net cash flow of
Rs.20000 per year for six years. A substitute equipment B
would cost Rs.50,000 and generate net cash flow of
Rs.14,000 per year for six years. The required rate of
return of both equipments is 11 per cent. Calculate the IRR
and NPV for the equipments. Which equipment should be
accepted and why?