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Question
What is 100% 
protection of 
generator? Why 
95% protection 
is used not 100%?
 Question Submitted By :: Electrical-Engineering
I also faced this Question!!     Answer Posted By  
 
Answer
# 1
generators are basically synchronizing machine if a fault
occurs, they fall out of synchronization. but if the fault
is temporary or for a very small duration micro seconds or
seconds then the alternator/ generator may again achieve
synchronization without permanent interruption of supply.
this is the reason why the 95% protection is provided
instead of 100% protection.

otherwise for even for the small fault we would experience a
cut off eg: a small fault like contact of two phase
conductors due to sudden wind. which is a temporary fault.
 
Is This Answer Correct ?    38 Yes 12 No
Shailesh Tankni
 
Answer
# 2
since few turns of wdg have very small voltage therefore
fault current flowing through secondary of CT is less than
preset value for relay operation.Hence relay will not
operate for that much portion of winding.
 
Is This Answer Correct ?    7 Yes 3 No
Dayanidhikinkar
 
 
 
Answer
# 3
95% stator earth fault protection uses an overvoltage relay at the neutral transformer of a generator. Because there is always a minimum voltage at the neutral because of harmonics and zero sequence, a little margin is necessary and only 95% of the generator windings can be covered with this method.
100% stator earth fault protection uses current injection at low frequency or minimum third harmonic voltage to detect earth faults. It does not have the limitation at the earth side of the winding, so using this method and the one described for the 95% you can cover 100% of the stator.
Both detect earth faults at generator stator windings when generators neutrals are connected to earth using neutral transformers or reactance, which make neutral currents too small to use overcurrent relays.
Injection method protects 100% stator windings without the need of a 95% relay. It works on its own.
The principle is the following: a signal generator injects voltage pulses in the windings of the machine at a frequency different from the rate frequency of the system or any harmonic (typically 10 Hz to 25 Hz, 87 Hz...). These pulses are transmitted to ground through the winding insulation and back to the signal generator through the earthing resistor.
Together with the signal generator, the relay also measures the current in the signal injected. In normal conditions, total impedance is high and low currents are measured. If there is a phase to earth fault in any phase, impedance to ground decreases and current increases rapidly, indicating the fault.
This method works even with the machine out of service if the relay is connected (careful with this during maintenance).
This system is normally implemented at the generator neutral transformer, but if it is not available (for example, because a resistance or reactance is used instead of a transformer, or the generator is delta connected), voltage transformers can be connected at the generator terminals with the secondary connected in broken delta, since this allows the injection of the same signal to all windings.
 
Is This Answer Correct ?    3 Yes 0 No
Aswin Joseph
 
Answer
# 4
If a fault occurs at say 98%th portion of generator phase
winding reconed from the phase terminal, the voltage
induced in that balance 2% winding is not sufficient to
drinve a fault current through the differential relay.
Hence intentionally 100% protection relay is not used.
 
Is This Answer Correct ?    1 Yes 3 No
Dr. S.r.krishnamurthy
 
Answer
# 5
Because in the case of Generator if we choose the 100%
protection then the protection system cost more than the
generator cost. thats why we will choose 95% of protection.

In India generally 92-93% protection is used whereas inother
country it is 95-96%.
 
Is This Answer Correct ?    2 Yes 4 No
Rohit Singh
 
Answer
# 6
Generator having lot of protections rotar-stator wdg. earth
fault,over voltage,over current etc.
For that each relay having setting from 0-100 per. with
time period in seconds
According to type of fault we have to set the setting

example :- for earth fault protection we have set upto 50-
70per. because if we set to 100% every and each small
leakage relay trip

so my thinking is only that the setting of each protection
is depend up application of DG only on what load
 
Is This Answer Correct ?    15 Yes 19 No
Sandip Upare
 
Answer
# 7
to provide the 100% protection for alternator ,it interrupts
the operation of generation even low level faults, so we can
provide protection for alternator 95% instead of 100%
 
Is This Answer Correct ?    4 Yes 10 No
Vijaybharadwaj202
 
Answer
# 8
BECAUSE IF WE USE 100% PROTECTION FOR THE GENERATORS THEN
IT CAN'T BE WORK PROPERLY. IF ANYONE HAVE ANY DOUBTS THEN
CALL ME...... 09729722179
 
Is This Answer Correct ?    2 Yes 55 No
Dalveer
 

 
 
 
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where we take earth in hill station   1
L&T ACB C-POWER OF 800A FAULS TRIPING AT THE TIME OF 110KW MOTOR STARTS WITH EARTH FAULT RELEASE Ambuja 1
differance b|w ground, neutral&earth Bhel 10
why 3 phase motors are preferable over single phase motors ?   4
What is the distance between body earthing and neutral earthing.?   1
What is the effect if power factor is above 1 or unity.   15
why the vfd motor take current high in vfd panel then mcc panel.current in vfd panel=160A in 93%.and mcc panel it shows 130A. (132kw motor)   1
Waht will happened if reactive power increase in the line? waht about active power increase too?   3
what is lightning arester?generaly which type of used in industeries? why its used? Essar 7
what is grounding & what is the value of groumding rod 2.5m?   3
at which places we use 6.6KV Transformers and Motors   4
What are various impedence in any machine Engineers-India-Limited 2
 
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