All Accounting Ledgers in mentioned period reconsile &
After that finalise Trading & Profit & loss A/c & Balance
sheet callied finalisation of accounts. Finalisation of
Accounting entries like Provision of Expenses, Depriciation
Preparation of the statement of account comprising Balance sheet, Profit and Loss Accounts and Notes forming part of the Accounts is the finalisation of accounts after making adequate provision for expenses depreciation etc. After that:-
1) Transfer all revenue accounts to Profit and Loss Account
2) Tally the Profit and Loss Account With Profit and Loss account attached with the Balance Sheet.
3) Balance of all Assets and Liabilites are carried forward to the next year which must match with the Balance sheet figures.
Finalisation means closure of books of accounts for a particular period and preparing profitability statement and balance sheet at the end of that period to know the operating results for that period. It involves many activities and have to following accounting guidelines,standards and statutory compliance.
Accounts finalisation involves the closing of books of
accounts for the particular period under accrual systems of
accounting with booking all the expenses and incomes and
other provisions which related to the particular accounting
period has been booked correctly and arrive the financial
statements like trail balance, profits and loss account,
balance sheet, and notes to accounts etc
Finalisation of accounts is the process of following points:
Recording all remaing entries
Payment and provision of taxes payables
Raising of reserves and provisions.
Clearing suspense account if any.
reconciliation of bank statements.
Preparation of trial balance
Preparation of Trad and P&l account.
Preparation of Balance sheet.
Keeping books of accounts ready for statutory audit.