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 Categories >> Software >> Embedded Systems
 
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Question Asked @ Answers Views     Select
How can to check the working of a sensor deployed in a project?    0  93
in a sn SR latch made by using cross coupling of two nand gates, if both S andR inputs set o then it will result isro   1  1808
look at following code void foo(void) { unsigned int a = 6; int b = -20; int c = (a+b > 6) ? 1:0; } o/p is 1 why explain promotion rules    1  1745
verify nmos passes good logic 0 and passes bad logic 1.also verify that pmos passes good logic 1 and passes bad logic 0. hp   2  13624
Calculate rise delay of a 3-input NAND gate driving a 3-input NOR gate through a 6mm long and 0.45m wide metal wire with sheet resistance R = 0.065 / and Cpermicron= 0.25 fF/m. The resistance and capacitance of the unit NMOS are 6.5k and 2.5fF. Use a 3 segment -model for the wire. Consider PMOS and NMOS size of reference inverter as 2 and 1 respectively. Use appropriate sizing for the NAND and NOR gate.    0  1644
What is the mealy and moore machine's state diagram that can detect 3 consecutive heads of 3 coins ?    2  3657
What is an anti aliasing filter? Why is it required? honeywell   6  8309
How do you implement a fourth order Butterworth LP filter at 1kHz if sampling frequency is 8 kHz? honeywell   1  4110
please send me the faq's in technical interviews on cand datastructures , unix(shell scripting).    0  1113
can please tel me faq's asking in interviews on microcontrollers tcs   0  1773
what is the difference between the testing and verification? intel   1  3104
im using I2C communication, in that first im sending address of thesalve and then data then after i want to read the data which i was sent recently, in that case before im reading is there any need to send a stop bit before read.    1  3064
PROVIDE ME NOTES ON EMBEDDED TCHNLOGY tcs   0  1280
Write a code in C / Verilog to implement a basic FIR filter. Need an answer.    1  5934
I have code and test bench however it is not working porperly. Need help to get it working. module fsm(clock,reset,coin,vend,state,change); \\these are the inputs and the outputs. input clock; input reset; input [2:0]coin; output vend; output [2:0]state; output [2:0]change; \\i need to define the registers as change,coin and vend reg vend; reg [2:0]change; wire [2:0]coin; \\my coins are declared as parameters to make reading better. parameter [2:0]NICKEL=3’b001; parameter [2:0]DIME=3’b010; parameter [2:0]NICKEL_DIME=3’b011; parameter [2:0]DIME_DIME=3’b100; parameter [2:0]QUARTER=3’b101; \\MY STATES ARE ALSO PARAMETERS . I DONT WANT TO MAKE YOU READ \\IN MACHINE LANGUAGE parameter [2:0]IDLE=3’b000; parameter [2:0]FIVE=3’b001; parameter [2:0]TEN=3’b010; parameter [2:0]FIFTEEN=3’b011; parameter [2:0]TWENTY=3’b100; parameter [2:0]TWENTYFIVE=3’b101; \\AS ALWAYS THE STATES ARE DEFINED AS REG reg [2:0]state,next_state; \\MY MACHINE WORKS ON STATE AND COIN always @(state or coin) begin next_state=0; \\VERYFIRST NEXT STATE IS GIVEN ZERO case(state) IDLE: case(coin) \\THIS IS THE IDLE STATE NICKEL: next_state=FIVE; DIME: next_state=TEN; QUARTER: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; default: next_state=IDLE; endcase FIVE: case(coin) \\THIS IS THE SECOND STATE NICKEL: next_state=TEN; DIME: next_state=FIFTEEN; QUARTER: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; //change=NICKEL default: next_state=FIVE; endcase TEN: case(coin) \\THIS IS THE THIRD STATE NICKEL: next_state=FIFTEEN; DIME: next_state=TWENTY; QUARTER: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; //change=DIME default: next_state=TEN; endcase FIFTEEN: case(coin) \\THIS IS THE FOURTH STATE NICKEL: next_state=TWENTY; DIME: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; QUARTER: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; //change==NICKEL_DIME default: next_state=FIFTEEN; endcase TWENTY: case(coin) \\THIS IS THE FIFTH STATE NICKEL: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; DIME: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; //change=NICKEL QUARTER: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; //change==DIME_DIME default: next_state=TWENTY; endcase TWENTYFIVE: next_state=IDLE; \\THE NEXT STATE HERE IS THE RESET default : next_state=IDLE; endcase end always @(clock) begin \\WHENEVER I GIVE A RESET I HAVE TO MAKE THE STATE TO IDLE AND VEND TO 1 if(reset) begin state <= IDLE; vend <= 1’b0; // change <= 3’b000; end \\THE CHANGE ALSO HAS TO BECOME NONE else state <= next_state; case (state) \\HERE WE DECIDE THE NEXT STATE \\ALL THE STATES ARE DEFINED HERE AND THE OUTPUT IS ALSO GIVEN IDLE: begin vend <= 1’b0; change <=3’d0; end FIVE: begin vend <= 1’b0; if (coin==QUARTER) change <=NICKEL; else change <=3’d0; TEN: begin vend <= 1’b0; if (coin==QUARTER) change <=DIME; else change <= 3’d0; FIFTEEN : begin vend <= 1’b0; if (coin==QUARTER) change <=NICKEL_DIME; else change TWENTY : begin vend <= 1’b0; if (coin==DIME) change <=NICKEL; else if (coin==QUARTER) TWENTYFIVE : begin vend <= 1’b1; change <=3’d0; end default: state <= IDLE; endcase end endmodule module test; \\THE INPUT IN THE FSM MODULE ARE REG HERE reg clock,reset; reg [2:0]coin; \\THE OUTPUT IN THE FSM MODULE ARE WIRES HERE wire vend; wire [2:0]state; wire [2:0]change; \\THE PARAMETERS AGAIN FOR THE COIN AND STATE parameter [2:0]IDLE=3’b000; parameter [2:0]FIVE=3’b001; parameter [2:0]TEN=3’b010; parameter [2:0]FIFTEEN=3’b011; parameter [2:0]TWENTY=3’b100; parameter [2:0]TWENTYFIVE=3’b101; parameter [2:0]NICKEL=3’b001; parameter [2:0]DIME=3’b010; parameter [2:0]NICKEL_DIME=3’b011; parameter [2:0]DIME_DIME=3’b100; parameter [2:0]QUARTER=3’b101; \\I MONITOR THE TIME,DRINK,RESET,CLOCK,STATE AND CHANGE FOR CHANGES. initial begin $display("Time\tcoin\tdrink\treset\tclock\tstate\tchange"); $monitor("%g\t%b\t%b\t%b\t%b\t%d\t% d",$time,coin,vend,reset,clock,state,change); \\NEW FEATURE: MY MACHINE HAS THE FACILITY TO DUMP VARIABLES SO THAT \\ I CAN VIEW THEM USING A VCD VIEWER. $dumpvars; $dumpfile("file.vcd"); // Dump output file. \\THIS IS WHERE THE COINS ARE ADDED. clock=0; reset=1; \\FIRST LETS RESET THE MACHINE #2 reset=0; coin=NICKEL; \\CHECK FOR STATE 1 #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; coin=DIME; \\RESET AGAIN AND CHECK FOR STATE 2 #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; \\RESET AGAIN AND CHECK FOR STATE 5 coin=QUARTER; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; \\RESET AGAIN AND CHECK FOR STATE 5 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; \\RESET AGAIN AND CHECK FOR STATE 5 AND SO ON coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=DIME; #2 coin=DIME; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=DIME; #2 coin=QUARTER; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=DIME; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=DIME; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=QUARTER; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=QUARTER; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 $finish; end \\THE CLOCK NEEDS TO TICK EVERY 2 TIME UNIT always #1 clock=~clock; //always @(state) // coin=!coin; initial begin if (reset) coin=2’b00; end \\THIS IS WHERE I INSTANTIATE THE MACHINE fsm inst1(clock,reset,coin,vend,state,change); endmodule intel   0  1743
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The answer to the above question is breaking the combinational circuit and pipelining it. What will be affected if you do this? 847
Insights of a 2 input NOR gate. Explain the working? 1160
Describe the various effects of scaling? 2057
What are the main issues associated with multiprocessor caches and how might you solve them? 508
PROVIDE ME NOTES ON EMBEDDED TCHNLOGY 1280
What are the ways to Optimize the Performance of a Difference Amplifier? 658
What happens to delay if you increase load capacitance? 715
What happens if we use an Inverter instead of the Differential Sense Amplifier? 1226
Process technology? What package was used and how did you model the package/system? What parasitic effects were considered? 1234
Need to convert this VHDL code into VLSI verilog code? LIBRARY IEEE; USE IEEE.STD_LOGIC_1164.ALL; ----using all functions of specific package--- ENTITY tollbooth2 IS PORT (Clock,car_s,RE : IN STD_LOGIC; coin_s : IN STD_LOGIC_VECTOR(1 DOWNTO 0); r_light,g_light,alarm : OUT STD_LOGIC); END tollbooth2; ARCHITECTURE Behav OF tollbooth2 IS TYPE state_type IS (NO_CAR,GOTZERO,GOTFIV,GOTTEN,GOTFIF,GOTTWEN,CAR_PAID,CHEATE D); ------GOTZERO = PAID $0.00--------- ------GOTFIV = PAID $0.05---------- ------GOTTEN = PAID $0.10---------- ------GOTFIF = PAID $0.15---------- ------GOTTWEN = PAID $0.20--------- SIGNAL present_state,next_state : state_type; BEGIN -----Next state is identified using present state,car & coin sensors------ PROCESS(present_state,car_s,coin_s) BEGIN CASE present_state IS WHEN NO_CAR => IF (car_s = '1') THEN next_state <= GOTZERO; ELSE next_state <= NO_CAR; END IF; WHEN GOTZERO => IF (car_s ='0') THEN next_state <= CHEATED; ELSIF (coin_s = "00") THEN next_state <= GOTZERO; ELSIF (coin_s = "01") THEN next_state <= GOTFIV; ELSIF (coin_s ="10") THEN next_state <= GOTTEN; END IF; WHEN GOTFIV=> IF (car_s ='0') THEN next_state <= CHEATED; ELSIF (coin_s = "00") THEN next_state <= GOTFIV; ELSIF (coin_s = "01") THEN next_state <= GOTTEN; ELSIF (coin_s <= "10") THEN next_state <= GOTFIV; END IF; WHEN GOTTEN => IF (car_s ='0') THEN next_state <= CHEATED; ELSIF (coin_s ="00") THEN next_state <= GOTTEN; ELSIF (coin_s="01") THEN next_state <= GOTFIV; ELSIF (coin_s="10") THEN next_state <= GOTTWEN; END IF; WHEN GOTFIF => IF (car_s ='0') THEN next_state <= CHEATED; ELSIF (coin_s = "00") THEN next_state <= GOTFIF; ELSIF (coin_s ="01") THEN next_state <= GOTTWEN; ELSIF (coin_s = "10") THEN next_state <= GOTTWEN; END IF; WHEN GOTTWEN => next_state <= CAR_PAID; WHEN CAR_PAID => IF (car_s = '0') THEN next_state <= NO_CAR; ELSE next_state<= CAR_PAID; END IF; WHEN CHEATED => IF (car_s = '1') THEN next_state <= GOTZERO; ELSE next_state <= CHEATED; END IF; END CASE; END PROCESS;-----End of Process 1 -------PROCESS 2 for STATE REGISTER CLOCKING-------- PROCESS(Clock,RE) BEGIN IF RE = '1' THEN present_state <= GOTZERO; ----When the clock changes from low to high,the state of the system ----stored in next_state becomes the present state----- ELSIF Clock'EVENT AND Clock ='1' THEN present_state <= next_state; END IF; END PROCESS;-----End of Process 2------- --------------------------------------------------------- -----Conditional signal assignment statements---------- r_light <= '0' WHEN present_state = CAR_PAID ELSE '1'; g_light <= '1' WHEN present_state = CAR_PAID ELSE '0'; alarm <= '1' WHEN present_state = CHEATED ELSE '0'; END Behav; 3283
If an/ap = 0.5, an/ap = 1, an/ap = 3, for 3 inverters draw the transfer characteristics? 725
Are you familiar with the term MESI? 888
Draw the Cross Section of an Inverter? Clearly show all the connections between M1 and poly, M1 and diffusion layers etc? 1496
If the substrate doping concentration increase, or temperature increases, how will Vt change? it increase or decrease? 853
If not into production, how far did you follow the design and why did not you see it into production? 539
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