ALLInterview.com :: Home Page
 Advertise your Business Here     
Browse  |   Placement Papers  |   Company  |   Code Snippets  |   Certifications  |   Visa Questions
Post Question  |   Post Answer  |   My Panel  |   Search  |   Articles  |   Topics  |   Errors
   Testimonials Refer this Site  Refer This Site to Your Friends  Site Map  Contact Us      
   
 
 Categories >> Software >> Embedded Systems
 
  86 Family (53)   VLSI (200)   DSP (9)   Embedded Systems AllOther (25)
 
Suggest New Category 
 


 

Question Asked @ Answers Views     Select
How can to check the working of a sensor deployed in a project?    0  82
in a sn SR latch made by using cross coupling of two nand gates, if both S andR inputs set o then it will result isro   1  1790
look at following code void foo(void) { unsigned int a = 6; int b = -20; int c = (a+b > 6) ? 1:0; } o/p is 1 why explain promotion rules    1  1728
verify nmos passes good logic 0 and passes bad logic 1.also verify that pmos passes good logic 1 and passes bad logic 0. hp   2  13584
Calculate rise delay of a 3-input NAND gate driving a 3-input NOR gate through a 6mm long and 0.45m wide metal wire with sheet resistance R = 0.065 / and Cpermicron= 0.25 fF/m. The resistance and capacitance of the unit NMOS are 6.5k and 2.5fF. Use a 3 segment -model for the wire. Consider PMOS and NMOS size of reference inverter as 2 and 1 respectively. Use appropriate sizing for the NAND and NOR gate.    0  1628
What is the mealy and moore machine's state diagram that can detect 3 consecutive heads of 3 coins ?    2  3636
What is an anti aliasing filter? Why is it required? honeywell   6  8270
How do you implement a fourth order Butterworth LP filter at 1kHz if sampling frequency is 8 kHz? honeywell   1  4084
please send me the faq's in technical interviews on cand datastructures , unix(shell scripting).    0  1103
can please tel me faq's asking in interviews on microcontrollers tcs   0  1765
what is the difference between the testing and verification? intel   1  3084
im using I2C communication, in that first im sending address of thesalve and then data then after i want to read the data which i was sent recently, in that case before im reading is there any need to send a stop bit before read.    1  3050
PROVIDE ME NOTES ON EMBEDDED TCHNLOGY tcs   0  1271
Write a code in C / Verilog to implement a basic FIR filter. Need an answer.    1  5913
I have code and test bench however it is not working porperly. Need help to get it working. module fsm(clock,reset,coin,vend,state,change); \\these are the inputs and the outputs. input clock; input reset; input [2:0]coin; output vend; output [2:0]state; output [2:0]change; \\i need to define the registers as change,coin and vend reg vend; reg [2:0]change; wire [2:0]coin; \\my coins are declared as parameters to make reading better. parameter [2:0]NICKEL=3’b001; parameter [2:0]DIME=3’b010; parameter [2:0]NICKEL_DIME=3’b011; parameter [2:0]DIME_DIME=3’b100; parameter [2:0]QUARTER=3’b101; \\MY STATES ARE ALSO PARAMETERS . I DONT WANT TO MAKE YOU READ \\IN MACHINE LANGUAGE parameter [2:0]IDLE=3’b000; parameter [2:0]FIVE=3’b001; parameter [2:0]TEN=3’b010; parameter [2:0]FIFTEEN=3’b011; parameter [2:0]TWENTY=3’b100; parameter [2:0]TWENTYFIVE=3’b101; \\AS ALWAYS THE STATES ARE DEFINED AS REG reg [2:0]state,next_state; \\MY MACHINE WORKS ON STATE AND COIN always @(state or coin) begin next_state=0; \\VERYFIRST NEXT STATE IS GIVEN ZERO case(state) IDLE: case(coin) \\THIS IS THE IDLE STATE NICKEL: next_state=FIVE; DIME: next_state=TEN; QUARTER: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; default: next_state=IDLE; endcase FIVE: case(coin) \\THIS IS THE SECOND STATE NICKEL: next_state=TEN; DIME: next_state=FIFTEEN; QUARTER: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; //change=NICKEL default: next_state=FIVE; endcase TEN: case(coin) \\THIS IS THE THIRD STATE NICKEL: next_state=FIFTEEN; DIME: next_state=TWENTY; QUARTER: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; //change=DIME default: next_state=TEN; endcase FIFTEEN: case(coin) \\THIS IS THE FOURTH STATE NICKEL: next_state=TWENTY; DIME: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; QUARTER: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; //change==NICKEL_DIME default: next_state=FIFTEEN; endcase TWENTY: case(coin) \\THIS IS THE FIFTH STATE NICKEL: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; DIME: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; //change=NICKEL QUARTER: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; //change==DIME_DIME default: next_state=TWENTY; endcase TWENTYFIVE: next_state=IDLE; \\THE NEXT STATE HERE IS THE RESET default : next_state=IDLE; endcase end always @(clock) begin \\WHENEVER I GIVE A RESET I HAVE TO MAKE THE STATE TO IDLE AND VEND TO 1 if(reset) begin state <= IDLE; vend <= 1’b0; // change <= 3’b000; end \\THE CHANGE ALSO HAS TO BECOME NONE else state <= next_state; case (state) \\HERE WE DECIDE THE NEXT STATE \\ALL THE STATES ARE DEFINED HERE AND THE OUTPUT IS ALSO GIVEN IDLE: begin vend <= 1’b0; change <=3’d0; end FIVE: begin vend <= 1’b0; if (coin==QUARTER) change <=NICKEL; else change <=3’d0; TEN: begin vend <= 1’b0; if (coin==QUARTER) change <=DIME; else change <= 3’d0; FIFTEEN : begin vend <= 1’b0; if (coin==QUARTER) change <=NICKEL_DIME; else change TWENTY : begin vend <= 1’b0; if (coin==DIME) change <=NICKEL; else if (coin==QUARTER) TWENTYFIVE : begin vend <= 1’b1; change <=3’d0; end default: state <= IDLE; endcase end endmodule module test; \\THE INPUT IN THE FSM MODULE ARE REG HERE reg clock,reset; reg [2:0]coin; \\THE OUTPUT IN THE FSM MODULE ARE WIRES HERE wire vend; wire [2:0]state; wire [2:0]change; \\THE PARAMETERS AGAIN FOR THE COIN AND STATE parameter [2:0]IDLE=3’b000; parameter [2:0]FIVE=3’b001; parameter [2:0]TEN=3’b010; parameter [2:0]FIFTEEN=3’b011; parameter [2:0]TWENTY=3’b100; parameter [2:0]TWENTYFIVE=3’b101; parameter [2:0]NICKEL=3’b001; parameter [2:0]DIME=3’b010; parameter [2:0]NICKEL_DIME=3’b011; parameter [2:0]DIME_DIME=3’b100; parameter [2:0]QUARTER=3’b101; \\I MONITOR THE TIME,DRINK,RESET,CLOCK,STATE AND CHANGE FOR CHANGES. initial begin $display("Time\tcoin\tdrink\treset\tclock\tstate\tchange"); $monitor("%g\t%b\t%b\t%b\t%b\t%d\t% d",$time,coin,vend,reset,clock,state,change); \\NEW FEATURE: MY MACHINE HAS THE FACILITY TO DUMP VARIABLES SO THAT \\ I CAN VIEW THEM USING A VCD VIEWER. $dumpvars; $dumpfile("file.vcd"); // Dump output file. \\THIS IS WHERE THE COINS ARE ADDED. clock=0; reset=1; \\FIRST LETS RESET THE MACHINE #2 reset=0; coin=NICKEL; \\CHECK FOR STATE 1 #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; coin=DIME; \\RESET AGAIN AND CHECK FOR STATE 2 #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; \\RESET AGAIN AND CHECK FOR STATE 5 coin=QUARTER; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; \\RESET AGAIN AND CHECK FOR STATE 5 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; \\RESET AGAIN AND CHECK FOR STATE 5 AND SO ON coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=DIME; #2 coin=DIME; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=DIME; #2 coin=QUARTER; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=DIME; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=DIME; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=QUARTER; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=QUARTER; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 $finish; end \\THE CLOCK NEEDS TO TICK EVERY 2 TIME UNIT always #1 clock=~clock; //always @(state) // coin=!coin; initial begin if (reset) coin=2’b00; end \\THIS IS WHERE I INSTANTIATE THE MACHINE fsm inst1(clock,reset,coin,vend,state,change); endmodule intel   0  1730
E-Mail New Answers        Answer Selected Questions       
 [1]    2  ... 3   ... 5   ... 7   ... 9   ... 11   ... 13   ... 15   ... 17   ... 19    Next
 
 
 
 
 
Un-Answered Questions
 
 Question Views   Select
 
Differences between Array and Booth Multipliers? 1962
What transistor level design tools are you proficient with? What types of designs were they used on? 638
If an/ap = 0.5, an/ap = 1, an/ap = 3, for 3 inverters draw the transfer characteristics? 719
For a single computer processor computer system, what is the purpose of a processor cache and describe its operation? 606
What is the critical path in a SRAM? 1258
Explain the Charge Sharing problem while sampling data from a Bus? 2092
What types of CMOS memories have you designed? What were their size? Speed? 2649
What work have you done on full chip Clock and Power distribution? What process technology and budgets were used? 1511
What happens to delay if you increase load capacitance? 710
Need to convert this VHDL code into VLSI verilog code? LIBRARY IEEE; USE IEEE.STD_LOGIC_1164.ALL; ----using all functions of specific package--- ENTITY tollbooth2 IS PORT (Clock,car_s,RE : IN STD_LOGIC; coin_s : IN STD_LOGIC_VECTOR(1 DOWNTO 0); r_light,g_light,alarm : OUT STD_LOGIC); END tollbooth2; ARCHITECTURE Behav OF tollbooth2 IS TYPE state_type IS (NO_CAR,GOTZERO,GOTFIV,GOTTEN,GOTFIF,GOTTWEN,CAR_PAID,CHEATE D); ------GOTZERO = PAID $0.00--------- ------GOTFIV = PAID $0.05---------- ------GOTTEN = PAID $0.10---------- ------GOTFIF = PAID $0.15---------- ------GOTTWEN = PAID $0.20--------- SIGNAL present_state,next_state : state_type; BEGIN -----Next state is identified using present state,car & coin sensors------ PROCESS(present_state,car_s,coin_s) BEGIN CASE present_state IS WHEN NO_CAR => IF (car_s = '1') THEN next_state <= GOTZERO; ELSE next_state <= NO_CAR; END IF; WHEN GOTZERO => IF (car_s ='0') THEN next_state <= CHEATED; ELSIF (coin_s = "00") THEN next_state <= GOTZERO; ELSIF (coin_s = "01") THEN next_state <= GOTFIV; ELSIF (coin_s ="10") THEN next_state <= GOTTEN; END IF; WHEN GOTFIV=> IF (car_s ='0') THEN next_state <= CHEATED; ELSIF (coin_s = "00") THEN next_state <= GOTFIV; ELSIF (coin_s = "01") THEN next_state <= GOTTEN; ELSIF (coin_s <= "10") THEN next_state <= GOTFIV; END IF; WHEN GOTTEN => IF (car_s ='0') THEN next_state <= CHEATED; ELSIF (coin_s ="00") THEN next_state <= GOTTEN; ELSIF (coin_s="01") THEN next_state <= GOTFIV; ELSIF (coin_s="10") THEN next_state <= GOTTWEN; END IF; WHEN GOTFIF => IF (car_s ='0') THEN next_state <= CHEATED; ELSIF (coin_s = "00") THEN next_state <= GOTFIF; ELSIF (coin_s ="01") THEN next_state <= GOTTWEN; ELSIF (coin_s = "10") THEN next_state <= GOTTWEN; END IF; WHEN GOTTWEN => next_state <= CAR_PAID; WHEN CAR_PAID => IF (car_s = '0') THEN next_state <= NO_CAR; ELSE next_state<= CAR_PAID; END IF; WHEN CHEATED => IF (car_s = '1') THEN next_state <= GOTZERO; ELSE next_state <= CHEATED; END IF; END CASE; END PROCESS;-----End of Process 1 -------PROCESS 2 for STATE REGISTER CLOCKING-------- PROCESS(Clock,RE) BEGIN IF RE = '1' THEN present_state <= GOTZERO; ----When the clock changes from low to high,the state of the system ----stored in next_state becomes the present state----- ELSIF Clock'EVENT AND Clock ='1' THEN present_state <= next_state; END IF; END PROCESS;-----End of Process 2------- --------------------------------------------------------- -----Conditional signal assignment statements---------- r_light <= '0' WHEN present_state = CAR_PAID ELSE '1'; g_light <= '1' WHEN present_state = CAR_PAID ELSE '0'; alarm <= '1' WHEN present_state = CHEATED ELSE '0'; END Behav; 3270
Explain sizing of the inverter? 1828
How about voltage source? 677
Write a VLSI program that implements a toll booth controller? 2148
Differences between IRSIM and SPICE? 2458
What was your role in the silicon evaluation or product ramp? What tools did you use? 576
E-Mail New Answers        Answer Selected Questions