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 Categories >> Software >> Embedded Systems
 
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Question Asked @ Answers Views     Select
in a sn SR latch made by using cross coupling of two nand gates, if both S andR inputs set o then it will result isro   1  249
look at following code void foo(void) { unsigned int a = 6; int b = -20; int c = (a+b > 6) ? 1:0; } o/p is 1 why explain promotion rules    1  403
verify nmos passes good logic 0 and passes bad logic 1.also verify that pmos passes good logic 1 and passes bad logic 0. hp   2  2144
Calculate rise delay of a 3-input NAND gate driving a 3-input NOR gate through a 6mm long and 0.45m wide metal wire with sheet resistance R = 0.065 / and Cpermicron= 0.25 fF/m. The resistance and capacitance of the unit NMOS are 6.5k and 2.5fF. Use a 3 segment -model for the wire. Consider PMOS and NMOS size of reference inverter as 2 and 1 respectively. Use appropriate sizing for the NAND and NOR gate.    0  759
What is the mealy and moore machine's state diagram that can detect 3 consecutive heads of 3 coins ?    2  1597
What is an anti aliasing filter? Why is it required? honeywell   6  4331
How do you implement a fourth order Butterworth LP filter at 1kHz if sampling frequency is 8 kHz? honeywell   1  2567
please send me the faq's in technical interviews on cand datastructures , unix(shell scripting).    0  661
can please tel me faq's asking in interviews on microcontrollers tcs   0  948
what is the difference between the testing and verification? intel   0  1117
im using I2C communication, in that first im sending address of thesalve and then data then after i want to read the data which i was sent recently, in that case before im reading is there any need to send a stop bit before read.    1  1535
PROVIDE ME NOTES ON EMBEDDED TCHNLOGY tcs   0  817
Write a code in C / Verilog to implement a basic FIR filter. Need an answer.    1  3742
I have code and test bench however it is not working porperly. Need help to get it working. module fsm(clock,reset,coin,vend,state,change); \\these are the inputs and the outputs. input clock; input reset; input [2:0]coin; output vend; output [2:0]state; output [2:0]change; \\i need to define the registers as change,coin and vend reg vend; reg [2:0]change; wire [2:0]coin; \\my coins are declared as parameters to make reading better. parameter [2:0]NICKEL=3’b001; parameter [2:0]DIME=3’b010; parameter [2:0]NICKEL_DIME=3’b011; parameter [2:0]DIME_DIME=3’b100; parameter [2:0]QUARTER=3’b101; \\MY STATES ARE ALSO PARAMETERS . I DONT WANT TO MAKE YOU READ \\IN MACHINE LANGUAGE parameter [2:0]IDLE=3’b000; parameter [2:0]FIVE=3’b001; parameter [2:0]TEN=3’b010; parameter [2:0]FIFTEEN=3’b011; parameter [2:0]TWENTY=3’b100; parameter [2:0]TWENTYFIVE=3’b101; \\AS ALWAYS THE STATES ARE DEFINED AS REG reg [2:0]state,next_state; \\MY MACHINE WORKS ON STATE AND COIN always @(state or coin) begin next_state=0; \\VERYFIRST NEXT STATE IS GIVEN ZERO case(state) IDLE: case(coin) \\THIS IS THE IDLE STATE NICKEL: next_state=FIVE; DIME: next_state=TEN; QUARTER: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; default: next_state=IDLE; endcase FIVE: case(coin) \\THIS IS THE SECOND STATE NICKEL: next_state=TEN; DIME: next_state=FIFTEEN; QUARTER: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; //change=NICKEL default: next_state=FIVE; endcase TEN: case(coin) \\THIS IS THE THIRD STATE NICKEL: next_state=FIFTEEN; DIME: next_state=TWENTY; QUARTER: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; //change=DIME default: next_state=TEN; endcase FIFTEEN: case(coin) \\THIS IS THE FOURTH STATE NICKEL: next_state=TWENTY; DIME: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; QUARTER: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; //change==NICKEL_DIME default: next_state=FIFTEEN; endcase TWENTY: case(coin) \\THIS IS THE FIFTH STATE NICKEL: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; DIME: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; //change=NICKEL QUARTER: next_state=TWENTYFIVE; //change==DIME_DIME default: next_state=TWENTY; endcase TWENTYFIVE: next_state=IDLE; \\THE NEXT STATE HERE IS THE RESET default : next_state=IDLE; endcase end always @(clock) begin \\WHENEVER I GIVE A RESET I HAVE TO MAKE THE STATE TO IDLE AND VEND TO 1 if(reset) begin state <= IDLE; vend <= 1’b0; // change <= 3’b000; end \\THE CHANGE ALSO HAS TO BECOME NONE else state <= next_state; case (state) \\HERE WE DECIDE THE NEXT STATE \\ALL THE STATES ARE DEFINED HERE AND THE OUTPUT IS ALSO GIVEN IDLE: begin vend <= 1’b0; change <=3’d0; end FIVE: begin vend <= 1’b0; if (coin==QUARTER) change <=NICKEL; else change <=3’d0; TEN: begin vend <= 1’b0; if (coin==QUARTER) change <=DIME; else change <= 3’d0; FIFTEEN : begin vend <= 1’b0; if (coin==QUARTER) change <=NICKEL_DIME; else change TWENTY : begin vend <= 1’b0; if (coin==DIME) change <=NICKEL; else if (coin==QUARTER) TWENTYFIVE : begin vend <= 1’b1; change <=3’d0; end default: state <= IDLE; endcase end endmodule module test; \\THE INPUT IN THE FSM MODULE ARE REG HERE reg clock,reset; reg [2:0]coin; \\THE OUTPUT IN THE FSM MODULE ARE WIRES HERE wire vend; wire [2:0]state; wire [2:0]change; \\THE PARAMETERS AGAIN FOR THE COIN AND STATE parameter [2:0]IDLE=3’b000; parameter [2:0]FIVE=3’b001; parameter [2:0]TEN=3’b010; parameter [2:0]FIFTEEN=3’b011; parameter [2:0]TWENTY=3’b100; parameter [2:0]TWENTYFIVE=3’b101; parameter [2:0]NICKEL=3’b001; parameter [2:0]DIME=3’b010; parameter [2:0]NICKEL_DIME=3’b011; parameter [2:0]DIME_DIME=3’b100; parameter [2:0]QUARTER=3’b101; \\I MONITOR THE TIME,DRINK,RESET,CLOCK,STATE AND CHANGE FOR CHANGES. initial begin $display("Time\tcoin\tdrink\treset\tclock\tstate\tchange"); $monitor("%g\t%b\t%b\t%b\t%b\t%d\t% d",$time,coin,vend,reset,clock,state,change); \\NEW FEATURE: MY MACHINE HAS THE FACILITY TO DUMP VARIABLES SO THAT \\ I CAN VIEW THEM USING A VCD VIEWER. $dumpvars; $dumpfile("file.vcd"); // Dump output file. \\THIS IS WHERE THE COINS ARE ADDED. clock=0; reset=1; \\FIRST LETS RESET THE MACHINE #2 reset=0; coin=NICKEL; \\CHECK FOR STATE 1 #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; coin=DIME; \\RESET AGAIN AND CHECK FOR STATE 2 #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; \\RESET AGAIN AND CHECK FOR STATE 5 coin=QUARTER; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; \\RESET AGAIN AND CHECK FOR STATE 5 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; \\RESET AGAIN AND CHECK FOR STATE 5 AND SO ON coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=DIME; #2 coin=DIME; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=DIME; #2 coin=QUARTER; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=DIME; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=DIME; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=QUARTER; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 reset=0; coin=NICKEL; #2 coin=QUARTER; #2 reset=1; coin=2’b00; #2 $finish; end \\THE CLOCK NEEDS TO TICK EVERY 2 TIME UNIT always #1 clock=~clock; //always @(state) // coin=!coin; initial begin if (reset) coin=2’b00; end \\THIS IS WHERE I INSTANTIATE THE MACHINE fsm inst1(clock,reset,coin,vend,state,change); endmodule intel   0  927
This program is in verilog and need help to get it working correctly. This is the code i have so far. Please help. Simple testbench would be great. Thanks\ 'define vend_a_drink {D,dispense,collect} = {IDLE,2'b11}; module drink_machine(nickel_in, dime_in, quarter_in, collect, nickel_out, dime_out, dispense, reset, clk) ; parameter IDLE=0,FIVE=1,TEN=2,TWENTY_FIVE=3, FIFTEEN=4,THIRTY=5,TWENTY=6,OWE_DIME=7; input nickel_in, dime_in, quarter_in, reset, clk; output collect, nickel_out, dime_out, dispense; reg collect, nickel_out, dime_out, dispense; reg [2:0] D, Q; /* state */ // synopsys state_vector Q always @ ( nickel_in or dime_in or quarter_in or reset ) begin nickel_out = 0; dime_out = 0; dispense = 0; collect = 0; if ( reset ) D = IDLE; else begin D = Q; case ( Q ) IDLE: if (nickel_in) D = FIVE; else if (dime_in) D = TEN; else if (quarter_in) D = TWENTY_FIVE; FIVE: if(nickel_in) D = TEN; else if (dime_in) D = FIFTEEN; else if (quarter_in) D = THIRTY; TEN: if (nickel_in) D = FIFTEEN; else if (dime_in) D = TWENTY; else if (quarter_in) 'vend_a_drink; TWENTY_FIVE: if( nickel_in) D = THIRTY; else if (dime_in) 'vend_a_drink; else if (quarter_in) begin 'vend_a_drink; nickel_out = 1; dime_out = 1; end FIFTEEN: if (nickel_in) D = TWENTY; else if (dime_in) D = TWENTY_FIVE; else if (quarter_in) begin 'vend_a_drink; nickel_out = 1; end THIRTY: if (nickel_in) 'vend_a_drink; else if (dime_in) begin 'vend_a_drink; nickel_out = 1; end else if (quarter_in) begin 'vend_a_drink; dime_out = 1; D = OWE_DIME; end TWENTY: if (nickel_in) D = TWENTY_FIVE; else if (dime_in) D = THIRTY; else if (quarter_in) begin 'vend_a_drink; dime_out = 1; end OWE_DIME: begin dime_out = 1; D = IDLE; end endcase end end always @ (posedge clk ) begin Q = D; end endmodule intel   0  849
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Explain sizing of the inverter? 961
what is the difference between the testing and verification? 1117
Draw the Cross Section of an Inverter? Clearly show all the connections between M1 and poly, M1 and diffusion layers etc? 550
Calculate rise delay of a 3-input NAND gate driving a 3-input NOR gate through a 6mm long and 0.45&#61549;m wide metal wire with sheet resistance R = 0.065 &#61527;/ and Cpermicron= 0.25 fF/&#61549;m. The resistance and capacitance of the unit NMOS are 6.5k&#61527; and 2.5fF. Use a 3 segment &#61552;-model for the wire. Consider PMOS and NMOS size of reference inverter as 2 and 1 respectively. Use appropriate sizing for the NAND and NOR gate. 759
What is Body Effect? 301
Explain how MOSFET works? 1088
Need to convert this VHDL code into VLSI verilog code? LIBRARY IEEE; USE IEEE.STD_LOGIC_1164.ALL; ----using all functions of specific package--- ENTITY tollbooth2 IS PORT (Clock,car_s,RE : IN STD_LOGIC; coin_s : IN STD_LOGIC_VECTOR(1 DOWNTO 0); r_light,g_light,alarm : OUT STD_LOGIC); END tollbooth2; ARCHITECTURE Behav OF tollbooth2 IS TYPE state_type IS (NO_CAR,GOTZERO,GOTFIV,GOTTEN,GOTFIF,GOTTWEN,CAR_PAID,CHEATE D); ------GOTZERO = PAID $0.00--------- ------GOTFIV = PAID $0.05---------- ------GOTTEN = PAID $0.10---------- ------GOTFIF = PAID $0.15---------- ------GOTTWEN = PAID $0.20--------- SIGNAL present_state,next_state : state_type; BEGIN -----Next state is identified using present state,car & coin sensors------ PROCESS(present_state,car_s,coin_s) BEGIN CASE present_state IS WHEN NO_CAR => IF (car_s = '1') THEN next_state <= GOTZERO; ELSE next_state <= NO_CAR; END IF; WHEN GOTZERO => IF (car_s ='0') THEN next_state <= CHEATED; ELSIF (coin_s = "00") THEN next_state <= GOTZERO; ELSIF (coin_s = "01") THEN next_state <= GOTFIV; ELSIF (coin_s ="10") THEN next_state <= GOTTEN; END IF; WHEN GOTFIV=> IF (car_s ='0') THEN next_state <= CHEATED; ELSIF (coin_s = "00") THEN next_state <= GOTFIV; ELSIF (coin_s = "01") THEN next_state <= GOTTEN; ELSIF (coin_s <= "10") THEN next_state <= GOTFIV; END IF; WHEN GOTTEN => IF (car_s ='0') THEN next_state <= CHEATED; ELSIF (coin_s ="00") THEN next_state <= GOTTEN; ELSIF (coin_s="01") THEN next_state <= GOTFIV; ELSIF (coin_s="10") THEN next_state <= GOTTWEN; END IF; WHEN GOTFIF => IF (car_s ='0') THEN next_state <= CHEATED; ELSIF (coin_s = "00") THEN next_state <= GOTFIF; ELSIF (coin_s ="01") THEN next_state <= GOTTWEN; ELSIF (coin_s = "10") THEN next_state <= GOTTWEN; END IF; WHEN GOTTWEN => next_state <= CAR_PAID; WHEN CAR_PAID => IF (car_s = '0') THEN next_state <= NO_CAR; ELSE next_state<= CAR_PAID; END IF; WHEN CHEATED => IF (car_s = '1') THEN next_state <= GOTZERO; ELSE next_state <= CHEATED; END IF; END CASE; END PROCESS;-----End of Process 1 -------PROCESS 2 for STATE REGISTER CLOCKING-------- PROCESS(Clock,RE) BEGIN IF RE = '1' THEN present_state <= GOTZERO; ----When the clock changes from low to high,the state of the system ----stored in next_state becomes the present state----- ELSIF Clock'EVENT AND Clock ='1' THEN present_state <= next_state; END IF; END PROCESS;-----End of Process 2------- --------------------------------------------------------- -----Conditional signal assignment statements---------- r_light <= '0' WHEN present_state = CAR_PAID ELSE '1'; g_light <= '1' WHEN present_state = CAR_PAID ELSE '0'; alarm <= '1' WHEN present_state = CHEATED ELSE '0'; END Behav; 1115
What's the price in 1K quantity? 797
Process technology? What package was used and how did you model the package/system? What parasitic effects were considered? 728
what is the command/instruction in ARM that does not do anything or does not execute any instruction ? (except NOP instruction) 818
Given a circuit, draw its exact timing response? 603
What transistor level design tools are you proficient with? What types of designs were they used on? 361
What work have you done on full chip Clock and Power distribution? What process technology and budgets were used? 326
The answer to the above question is breaking the combinational circuit and pipelining it. What will be affected if you do this? 464
What are the functions of RIM, SIM, IN? 15322
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